<span “font-size:12.0pt;font-family:”arial=”” narrow”;mso-bidi-font-family:=”” “arial=”” narrow”;mso-fareast-language:en-za”=””>The cost of a single download is R16 (US$2) or R160 (US$20) for a 12 month subscription.
<span “font-size:12.0pt;font-family:”arial=”” narrow”;mso-bidi-font-family:=”” “arial=”” narrow”;mso-fareast-language:en-za”=””>If you happened to miss out on a particular article or edition, back editions will also be archived:
<span “font-size:14.0pt;font-family:”arial=”” narrow”;mso-bidi-font-family:”arial=”” narrow”;=”” mso-fareast-language:en-za”=””>www.mysubs.co.za/African-Pilot
VIDEO OF THE WEEK
SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
The government of Canada is looking for a Bombardier Global 6000, registration ZS-OAK that was purchased by the Gupta family in South Africa and is now in default. MSN reports that the plane was purchased using a $41 million loan from Export Development Canada, or EDC, Canada’s state-owned export-import bank. EDC was working with Bombardier to secure the sale of the airplane. The Gupta family may not have been the best bet for the loan. They are allegedly deeply connected to the corruption that forced South African President Jacob Zuma out of office and EDC says that the family defaulted on the loan in October with an outstanding balance of $27 million, but they kept the jet.
The EDC recently applied to a South African court in an effort to ground the jet, saying that one of the family members, Ajay Gupta, may be using it to avoid an arrest warrant. “There is a very real concern that the aircraft may be used to escape justice or for some unlawful means,” the bank told the court.
But before it can be grounded, the plane has to be found. While it has been spotted recently in such locations as Russia, India and Dubai, it’s tracking information has been blocked ‘per request form the owner/operator,’ according to the website FlightAware.
Toronto aviation lawyer Ehsan Monfared told MSN that the government will likely get the plane back eventually. An international agreement called the Cape Town Treaty makes it possible for an aircraft to be seized by lenders in any country that is a party to the treaty. Monfared said that the only way that Canada would lose their investment is if the Gupta’s dispose of the plane in some other way.
Airlink regrets to announce the suspension of air services on their Pretoria-Cape Town route. “This was not a decision taken lightly, but after almost three years, the route has not developed as we expected it would and in order to stem losses, we will suspend services from the 8th of May 2018,” explained Airlink CEO, Rodger Foster.
Since mid-August 2015 the Wonderboom – Cape Town service has provided Tshwane-based government officials, private sector businesses and leisure travellers with a convenient service between Pretoria and the Mother City. Until recently, Airlink operated up to four daily return flights on the route, using a combination of 83-seat Avro RJ85 and 37-seat Embraer ERJ135LR regional jets to deliver an effective full-service value proposition offering on the route.
“Sadly, the route has not become profitable, despite our collaborative best efforts – including significant marketing initiatives by the City of Tshwane, to promote the connection. The combination of operational constraints on the size of aircraft that can be used on the route and the poor state of the economy have not helped,” explained Mr Foster. “A compounding factor has been Government’s understandable and commendable belt-tightening efforts, which include cut-backs in government-related travel,” he added.
“We are not closing the door, as we believe the Pretoria-Cape Town connection is important and could potentially be viable in the future. With this in mind, we will continually re-assess the market and the economy so that we can resume the service when the conditions are conducive”, said Mr Foster.
An announcement on the status of our Bloemfontein to Port Elizabeth schedule will follow in due course. Unfortunately, the Margate to Cape Town service via Plettenberg Bay suspended for the time being.“I wish to thank our customers for their patience and their loyalty”, says Miles van der Molen, CEO of CemAir, “I realise that many people were inconvenienced for which I offer a sincere apology. I am pleased to announce that we are restoring service and look forward to closing this chapter and continuing to provide communities with the much-needed world class airline service.”CemAir’s safety compliance has been recognised by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), which requires all of its members to pass its comprehensive and globally benchmarked biennial IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA). CemAir renewed its IOSA accreditation last September and is on the IOSA register of approved airlines.
The interim schedule of operations is published on the FlyCemAir website www.flycemair.co.za. Ticket-holders should contact CemAir central reservations department on Tel: 0861 236 247 for further information. Since we are experiencing high call volumes, queries can also be emailed to any of our offices at any of the following addresses: firstname.lastname@example.org@cemair.co.za email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com
Further updates will be posted on www.flycemair.co.za
What is scheduled for the next few weeks?
27 March Aero Club of South Africa AGM 18h00 for 18h30 at the EAA Auditorium, Rand Airport
Contact E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 011 082 1100
7 April Ermelo Airshow
Contact Andre van Rooyen E-mail: email@example.com Cell: 082 417 0174
12 to 14 April SAPFA Rally Nationals and Fun Rally at Brits Airfield
Contact Frank Eckard E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: 083 269 1516
14 April Robertson annual Fly-in breakfast
Contact Alwyn du Plessis E-mail: email@example.com Cell: 083 270 5888
AERO dedicates itself to offering a significant collection of aviation related products and accessories. Exhibitors will be showing engines, modern ultra-lights, powered aircraft, avionics and related products and services. Over the years, this show has gained a huge reputation from all over the world and the positive reaction from the attendees have motivated the exhibitors to improve the existing range and manufacture more such effective spare parts and products.
Contact Annie Boon E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org April to 1 May NAC annual fly-away 10th edition
Contact Deneys Potgieter E-mail: email@example.com or Cell: 082 891 435427 to 29 April EAA National Convention Vryheid Airfield over the last weekend in April. Besides a great expected turnout of aircraft, a fantastic venue and a superb function being organised by the Vryheid Wings Club, you can also win a trip to the world’s greatest aviation event – Oshkosh AirVenture! By making sure you are an EAA (South Africa) member, pre-registering and attending the event, you will stand in line to win this exciting prize! The draw will take place at Vryheid at the awards dinner on the airfield. Contact Marie Reddy firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Rob Jonkers E-mail: email@example.com Cell: 082 804 703228 April Wings & Wheels Uitenhage
Contact Lourens Kruger E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell: 082 320 26155 May SAAF Museum Swartkops Airshow theme ‘Our Indomitable Spirit’
Contact Officer Commanding E-mail: email@example.com Tel: 012 351 2290
7 to 9 May Airport show in Dubai – United Arab Emirates
Contact Reed Exhibitions Middle East E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Grant Rousseau Cell: 082 329 3551E-mail: email@example.com to 13 May Battlefields Country Lodge Annual fly-in Website: www.battlefieldslodge.co.za
Contact Dave O’Halloran Tel 079 496 5286 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org May Lowveld Airshow at the Nelspruit Airfield Tel: 013 741 6412
Contact Monica Fourie E-mail: email@example.com Cell: 083 619 3597
12 May Swellengrebel Flying Club 60th birthday fly-in
Contact Pieter Venter E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
15 to 18 May NAMPO Agricultural Trade Show near Bothaville, Free State
Contact Wim Venter Tel: 086 004 7246 E-mail: Wim@grainsa.co.za
16 to 18 May Drone Con 2018 Vodaworld Centre in Midrand
Contact Byron Walters E-mail: email@example.com
17 & 18 May 8th Aviation Training and Education Summit Shanghai, China
Contact Josephine Zhu E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Contact Annie Boon E-mail: email@example.com May CAASA Conference to be held at Lanseria
Contact Louise Olckers Tel; 011 659 2345 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org to 26 May President’s Trophy Air Race Tempe Airfield, Bloemfontein
Website: www.sapfa.org.za E-mail: Race@sapfa.org.za
Contact Rob Jonkers E-mail: email@example.com Cell: 082 804 7032
Race director Robin Spencer-Scarr: E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
26 May Matsieng Airshow
Contact Riaan van Vuuren E-mail: email@example.com Tel: +26 771 66 1201
29 to 31 May European Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition in Geneva, Switzerland.
Contact Bianca Dorneanu E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +32 2 766 00 72
AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
On 2 March 2018, the Nigerian Air Force graduated its first locally trained unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) pilots flying Chinese-built CH-3 UAVs. The first five newly trained UAV pilots were given their wings by the Chief of the Air Staff, Air Marshal Sadique Abubakar, at the Nigerian Air Force (NAF) Base at Maiduguri. The NAF, pilot training started in 2016 at 401 Flying Training School, Kaduna. The UAV pilots then converted onto the CH-3A, manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). CH-3A conversion training, which started in May 2017. The entire programme lasted about two years while the CH-3A specifics phase lasted for 10 months, culminating in check flights for each of the five new UAV pilots. Presently the new pilots each have nearly a hundred hours each on the CH-3A.
The CH-3A is currently deployed in the North East of Nigeria, where the Air Task Force of Operation Lafiya Dole is using the type against Boko Haram terrorists. With several hundred flight hours on the CH-3A alone since induction three years ago, the NAF has developed commendable experience in its RPA operations, the NAF said, adding that the CH-3A, in combat role, has successfully delivered its ordnances against Boko Haram targets with high degrees of precision and accuracy, both day and night. With a wingspan of eight metres, the CH-3 has a 12-hour endurance and 180 km radius of action and can be equipped with FT-5 guided bombs or AR-1 missiles.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
Experts say China’s first space station, the Tiangong-1, also known as ‘Heavenly Palace 1’, is expected to come crashing down to Earth within weeks. Agencies around the world have been monitoring the spacecraft’s descent as the space station has been out of control since September 2016. Scientist have not been able to predict exactly where and when the module will re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere, but forecasts indicate Europe, the US, Australia and New Zealand.
According to the 7 March 2018, estimates by the Aerospace Corporation, a federally funded research and development center in the US, Tiangong-1 will re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere around 3 April 2018, give or take a week. Also, as of 12 January 2018, The European Space Agency (ESA) predicted the module will come down in the window of 29 March 2018 to 9 April 2018. All of the above predictions assume an uncontrolled re-entry.
According to data provided by Aerospace, The Tiangong-1 was launched into orbit on 30 September 2011, aboard a Long March 2F/G rocket from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in China. It is the first space laboratory built and launched by China. With the design life of two years, the space station was set to carry out a series of docking and orbit experiments. The Tiangong-1 was designed to be a manned laboratory and an experimental demonstration for the larger, multiple module Tiangong Station. The space station consists of two modules: a habitable experimental module and a resources module. The first Chinese orbital docking occurred between Tiangong-1 and an unmanned Shenzhou spacecraft on 2 November 2011.
There had been two manned missions to the Tiangong-1: Shenzhou 9, launched on 16 June 2012, with three astronauts and Shenzhou 10, launched on 11 June 2013, also with three astronauts. The Shenzhou 9 had China’s first female astronaut Liu Yang aboard and the Shenzhou 10 completed the first Chinese orbital maintenance. It was the last manned mission which departed from the Tiangong-1 in June 2013. On 21 March 2016, the Chinese news agency Xinhuanet reported that telemetry services with the Tiangong-1 had ceased, stating that “After an operational orbit of 1,630 days, China’s first space laboratory Tiangong-1 terminated its data service.” Adding that “The functions of the space laboratory and target orbiter have been disabled after an extended service period of about two and a half years.”
On 14 September 2016, Xinhuanet broke the news that the space station is set to re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere in late 2017, despite previous reports stating that the orbiter would descend to Earth gradually over several months and eventually burn up in the atmosphere. On 8 December 2017, China updated its forecasts for the space station’s re-entry by an announcement to the United Nation’s (UN) Committee on Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, stating that the re-entry is expected between the first 10 days of February and the last 10 days of March 2018. On 8 January 2018, Reuters reported a top engineer at the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, Zhu Congpeng, saying that the Tiangong-1 is not out of control and does not pose a safety or environmental threat.
“We have been continuously monitoring Tiangong-1 and expect to allow it to fall within the first half of this year,” Zhu was cited saying. Adding that, “It will burn up on entering the atmosphere and the remaining wreckage will fall into a designated area of the sea, without endangering the surface.”
According to Reuters, although the Tiangong-1 was originally planned to be decommissioned in 2013, the length of its mission was repeatedly extended and the re-entry was delayed in September 2017, apparently to ensure that the wreckage would fall into the South Pacific Ocean. This delay had led some experts to suspect the space laboratory may be out of control, although it has not yet been confirmed officially by the Chinese.
The California-based Aerospace Corporation says it is much easier to predict an accurate re-entry time rather than an accurate re-entry location. However, based on Tiangong-1 inclination, the non-profit organisation maintains that ‘we can confidently say that this object will re-enter somewhere between 43° North and 43° South latitudes.’ Much of the spacecraft is expected to burn up in the atmosphere upon re-entry, but Aerospace says it is expected that there will be many pieces re-entering together, due to the relatively large size of the object, some of which may survive re-entry and fall to Earth. However, it is highly unlikely that this debris will harm any person or significantly damage any property. What is of primary concern, is that ‘there may be a highly toxic and corrosive substance called hydrazine on board the spacecraft that could survive the re-entry.’
Jonathan McDowell, an astrophysicist from Harvard University, said fragments from a similar-sized rocket re-entered the atmosphere and landed in Peru in January 2018. “Every couple of years something like this happens, but Tiangong-1 is big and dense so we need to keep an eye on it.” According to McDowell, Tiangong-1’s descent had been speeding up in recent months and it was now falling by about 6 km (3.7 miles) a week, compared with 1.5 km (0.9 miles) in October 2017. Another reason why it is difficult to predict when the spacecraft will land, he says, is its speed which was affected by the constantly changing ‘weather’ in space. “It is only in the final week or so that we are going to be able to start speaking about it with more confidence,” McDowell said.
Whatever the outcome, this will not be the largest man-made object to ever re-enter from space. As Aerospace writes, the largest object to re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere was the Mir space station at 120 tons (compared to the 8.5-ton Tiangong-1). The Mir space station re-entered the atmosphere on 23 March 2001. The remains of Nasa’s 77-ton Skylab space station which came down to Earth in an almost uncontrolled descent in 1979, some large pieces of it landing outside Perth in Western Australia. Over a decade later, the Soviet Union’s 20-ton Salyut seven space station crashed to Earth while still docked to another 20-ton spacecraft called Cosmos 1686 in 1991. They broke up over Argentina, scattering debris over the town of Capitán Bermúdez.
Rumours were circulating about Boeing reviving its 767 model to offer an alternative if its project of a middle of market plane would be delayed or cancelled. However, Randy Tinseth, vice-president of commercial marketing, denied those speculations. Production of the 767 ended in 2005, but the A321neo has proven that there was a need for middle of market (MOM) planes. The refitted version of the A321 represents more than 30% of the current orders of the A320neo family.
The 737-9 MAX could have been a rival to the A321neo, but with its reduced 180 seats compared to the 205 (and up to 240 on single-class variations) of the Airbus airliner, it does not answer to the current tendency of airlines to get bigger and bigger planes. Boeing has been studying two options: either solely rely on its future 737 MAX 10 (with 230 maximum seats) or develop a completely new plane in parallel. So far, it seems that the second option has been favoured. Boeing is expected to launch a new airliner in the range of 220 to 270 seats to replace its single-aisle 757 and some versions of its 767. That plane is expected to be delivered around 2024 and could be announced by the end of 2018.
Last month Leonardo and Era Group (Era) announced the signing of a landmark agreement that would launch the AW609 into service in the US commercial market and demonstrate its capabilities on a wider scale. Building upon their previous efforts in helping to mature the design, development and supportability of the AW609, Era will take delivery of two aircraft in 2020 plus a dedicated training package. These aircraft, in a nine-passenger utility configuration, will be used for numerous applications, including offshore/utility, VIP, EMS, and SAR missions in USA.
The unique flight characteristics of the AW609 combine the benefits of a helicopter and a fixed-wing aircraft into one type. The AW609 can take-off and land vertically, flying above adverse weather conditions with up to nine people in comfort in a pressurised cabin at twice the speed and range typical of helicopters, representing the next generation of aircraft transport. With the AW609 Leonardo is opening up new possibilities for a wide range of missions including search and rescue, VIP/corporate transport, emergency medical services, offshore transport, and homeland security.
Textron Aviation announced the Cessna Citation Longitude completed a non-stop trip from Singapore to Sydney, Australia, demonstrating the outstanding range and payload capabilities of the aircraft. The flight follows the Citation Longitude’s demonstration tour throughout the Asia-Pacific region and its regional debut at the Singapore airshow last month.
Textron Aviation’s Singapore Service Center is part of a robust international support footprint of factory-direct service centers, equipping customers with access to a team of expert service representatives delivering timely maintenance, inspections, parts, repairs, avionic upgrades, equipment installations, refurbishments and other specialised services.
No super-midsize business jet offers more range, greater payload or higher cruise speed at a lower expected total ownership cost. The Longitude is designed to feature the longest maintenance intervals in its class – 800 hours or 18 months – expected to make it the most cost-effective to operate in its category.
On 25 February Reuters reported that Boeing will have a 51 percent share in a joint company currently being negotiated with the Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer. The joint venture would follow months of talks on a possible deal between the two companies and challenge their rivals’ Airbus-Bombardier pact on the CSeries aircraft, possibly shaking up the commercial jet industry. Brazil’s government has repeatedly said it is opposed to Boeing taking control over Embraer due to the plane-maker’s key role in the country’s defence sector, although initial Boeing-Embraer talks did involve the Brazilian company’s defence business.
Boeing’s initial plan to buy Embraer was therefore rejected by the Brazilian government, with the Brazilian President Michel Temer saying “All partnerships are welcome, what is not under consideration is transferring Embraer’s control to another foreign company,” Throughout the months of discussions, Boeing and Embraer have been structuring an agreement to combine their commercial air operations in a way that addresses the Brazilian government’s concerns, Boeing’s CEO, Dennis Muilenburg said. “We are respectful of the concerns the Brazilian government has raised around sovereignty and their national defence,” Muilenburg said. “We believe we have structured a deal concept that will satisfy the needs of everybody involved.”
However, the Brazilian government maintains a ‘golden share’ a share that gives its shareholders veto power over strategic decisions to the company’s charter, including that over Boeing’s push for a partnership in Embraer, which is a former state enterprise.
Boeing is the world’s largest aerospace company, while Embraer is the world’s third largest passenger jet maker and the leader in the 70-seat to 130-seat regional jet market. If a deal were reached, the joint venture would consolidate a global commercial jet duopoly, shaking up the industry. The proposed partnership with Embraer would make Boeing the leader in the smaller passenger jet market, as the Brazilian plane maker also makes smaller commercial aircraft for the regional market and business jets.
Last month Daher announced its 2017 delivery totals for the TBM very fast turboprop aircraft, with 57 TBM 910s and TBM 930s provided to owners and operators during the year. This highlights the aircraft’s success since the Daher group’s takeover in 2008, reinforced by the TBM 900-series introduction in 2014. TBM deliveries in 2017 were divided between the TBM 910 version (launched in April 2017, equipped with Garmin’s G1000 NXi all-glass avionics suite controlled by a physical keypad), and the TBM 930 (initiated in 2016, featuring Garmin’s G3000 flight deck with touchscreen-controlled glass flight deck).
North America remained the lead market for TBM aircraft. Europe was in a solid No. 2 position for the second consecutive year with 10 deliveries in 2017 for France, Germany, United Kingdom and Poland.
Since the TBM’s market entry in 1990, 879 aircraft have been built in all versions, including earlier-production TBM 700s and TBM 850s.
WORLD DRONE NEWS
On a typically hot and humid July day in Stonetown, the capital of Zanzibar, a gaggle of children, teenagers and the odd parents watched our small drone take flight. With a high-pitched humming, the drone took to the air. It sounded like a big mosquito; appropriate, since they were testing the use of drones for mapping aquatic malaria habitats. These shallow sunlit water bodies teem with mosquito larvae. In a matter of days, the larvae will emerge as adult mosquitoes in search of a blood meal. If one of those mosquitoes bites a human infected with malaria, it will become a vector for the disease and continue its deadly transmission cycle.
Zanzibar is a Tanzanian archipelago off the coast of East Africa. Both it and mainland Tanzania have fought a long, well documented battle with malaria. Globally, the disease infects over 200 million people annually and is responsible for killing approximately 500,000 people each year. The Millennium Development Goals prompted a number of large scale campaigns across sub-Saharan Africa to combat malaria. Millions of bed nets were distributed. Insecticide was supplied to spray in homes across communities. The aim was to stop people getting bitten, interrupting the transmission cycle. This has been a real success story, leading to a notable decrease in the disease’s prevalence. Some areas of Zanzibar have seen prevalence levels drop from 40% of the population having malaria to less than 1%.
Now epidemiologists and public health managers are looking to complement indoor-based nets and spraying with outdoor based solutions. In effect, they are taking the battle to mosquitoes and drones are a crucial part of their armoury. One of the main challenges to disease managers is finding small water bodies that mosquitoes use to breed. This is where drones come in and for the first time, drone imagery can be captured over large areas which can be used to create precise and accurate maps of potential habitats.
We know that once an adult mosquito has fed and rested, it will typically go in search of a mate. Then it moves on to a suitable location; an aquatic habitat like the fringes of river channels, roadside culverts and irrigated rice paddies to lay its eggs. Public health authorities need to be able to locate and map these water bodies, so they can be treated using a larvicide like DDT. This process is known as larval source management and was successfully used in Brazil and Italy many decades ago. The DDT killed mosquito larvae, but could also be devastating for local ecology as well as having adverse effects on human health.
Today much safer, low toxicity replacements have been developed. The problem is that they come at a cost. Resources are also needed to disseminate the larvicide and to locate the water bodies that host the mosquito eggs and larvae. Some of these hideaways are tough to find on foot and if water bodies are accurately mapped a larvicide campaign could end up being a waste of time. My institution, Aberystwyth University in Wales, is working with the Zanzibar Malaria elimination programme to fly drones over known malaria hot spots. Within 20 minutes, a single drone is able to survey a 30 hectare rice paddy. This imagery can be processed and analysed on the same afternoon to locate and map water bodies. This has proved to be highly accurate and efficient. This is all using one of the most popular off-the-shelf drones, the Phantom 3 made by DJI. These are about the size of a shoebox, weighing only 1.9 Kg and are used throughout the world for both leisure and commercial photography.
It doesn’t stop there, because they plan to incorporate the drone imagery into smartphone technology to help guide larvicide spraying teams to water bodies on the ground and to track their progress and coverage. There is also an exciting drive towards automatically disseminating larvicide from the drones themselves.
Despite these exciting advances, operators need to be mindful of the negative side of drones: invasion of privacy; collisions with aircraft and birdlife; their association with warfare. These are very real concerns for the public. In Zanzibar, the team worked alongside village elders to show them the drones and explain exactly what they will be doing. This introduced people to the work and gave them a chance to see how drones and similar technologies, used alongside traditional indoor-based interventions, can really help to make malaria elimination in their community a reality.
Mapping land boundaries is an important way to boost a country’s economic growth and development. It contributes towards better security of land ownership, allows land owners to get bank loans and helps governments to tax owners correctly. Unfortunately, in most African countries only about 30% of the land boundaries have been mapped. Mapping is done to capture the land’s boundaries with a view to registering ownership. Once mapping is completed, usually using techniques like Global Positioning Systems (GPS), authorities can issue a title deed or certificate of occupancy. This shows who holds rights to which pieces of land.
In Kenya during the 1960s photographs taken from airplanes were used to develop property maps. Kenyans were agitating for their land rights after the colonial British government had been unseated. The title deeds that were handed out as a result of those airplane photographs have formed the basis of Kenya’s property system for decades. Today, aerial photographs from drones can be used for mapping property boundaries. In most parts of Africa, people demarcate their land using hedges. Ground land surveying techniques can be slow if the aim is to record all the parcels of land within a district or province. The maps developed from those photos are then linked to land ownership records to create formal land registers. This is an important way to record and keep track of land ownership in any given country.
Flight paths are set up using waypoints or digital markers. The drone follows these from start to finish. The DT18 can map a distance of up to 20km at a time. It can be redirected or recalled mid-flight if the pilot detects a risk. The drone is fitted with a camera, when takes pictures as directed by the pilot, who is following the flight on a laptop screen from the ground. The pictures are sent back to the laptop and stored on the drone’s own on-board memory card. Drones are not without their problems. They can be dangerous if flown without proper guidelines or permission, or by untrained people. Many countries in Africa have not passed any laws about the use of UAVs. Kenya is ahead in this regard; the civil aviation authority has developed and passed guidelines about drones. The process of obtaining permission to fly is very rigorous, which is important because drones can be a threat to manned airplanes and could even cause a collision. If this technology is rolled out for land mapping elsewhere in Africa, countries will need to first develop and adopt strict guidelines for flying.
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnewslink on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.Until next week, please be ‘Serious about flying’.Athol Franz (Editor)
African Pilot ‘Serious about flying’.