“The real ‘haves’ are they who can acquire freedom, self-confidence and even riches without depriving others of them. They acquire all of these by developing and applying their potentialities. On the other hand, the real ‘have nots’ are they who cannot have aught except by depriving others of it. They can feel free only by diminishing the freedom of others, self-confident by spreading fear and dependence among others and rich by making others poor.”
African Pilot’s July edition
The distribution of the July edition of African Pilot is complete and already my inbox is filled with e-mails from readers who are enjoying this new method of online publishing. This edition features Aviation Training Organisations and Flight Schools. In addition to the aviation training feature, this bumper July edition has more than 40 feature articles within 124 pages to keep you entertained. African Pilot is also the only southern African monthly aviation magazine that fully supports the Commercial Aviation Association of Southern Africa (CAASA) by providing a FREE full-page advertisement in every edition.
I also wish to thank our advertisers for their continued support through this terrible COVID-19 lockdown period. Since African Pilot is no longer printing, the digital magazine is available FREE of charge anywhere in the world. However, through this period of just over three months, we have grown African Pilot’s footprint four times over and this will continue as the monthly magazine reaches new dimensions as we continue to grow African Pilot’s influence further.
African Pilot’s August edition
The August edition of African Pilot will feature all the aviation businesses at Lanseria International Airport. Next week Adrian and I will start visiting Lanseria to take pictures and obtain information from as many aviation businesses based at the airport as possible.
Change is upon us
Someone once said the only thing that is sure is that things will change. Over the past 19 years that African Pilot has been publishing its monthly aviation magazine, we have been fixated on the printed version. Now that the magazine is only digital, we will be increasing the font size by 50%, adding many more pages and preparing several other changes that will greatly enhance the reader’s experience on digital platforms. This will be the first of successive enhancements that will culminate in an interactive publication with provision for galleries and short videos by the end of this year. The August 2020 edition will be the first magazine to adopt some of these changes, with others to follow from September onwards.
The material deadline for the August edition is Friday 17 July. For advertising opportunities please contact Adrian Munro at e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Cell: 079 880 4359. All editorial material should be sent to me at: email@example.com. Thank You.
The following are links to all the magazines that African Pilot produced this year so that you can download all the 2020 editions in magazine view format:
WhatsApp your questions or concerns to
+27 (0)60 012 3456
About African Pilot
There is no doubt that African Pilot provides the finest overall media reach of all aviation publications in Africa where we are in a position to provide professional video and stills photography, website development, social media platforms, company newsletters as well as several other important media services to our customers. Naturally the monthly printed magazine has an incredibly long shelf life due to its excellent design and layout. Then of course the monthly magazine is also available as a digital edition where ALL advertisers have enjoy the direct routing to their websites at a touch on a smart phone or tablet as well as a click of the mouse on a computer screen.
Do you want instant aviation news and opinions?
Visit www.APAcom.co.za and register yourself as a user
SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
URGENT NOTAM Q) FAJA/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/2937S03107E
I learnt today that King Shaka International Airport has been downgraded from Code F to Code C on both runways 06/24 due to the fact that the South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) has not provided for airport approach instrumentation calibration. This affects the Instrument Landing Systems (ILS), Very High Frequency Omni- Directional Range (VOR) and Distance Measuring Equipment (DME).
As reported in February the SACAA’s calibration Cessna Citation crashed in George killing the three persons on board, but the regulator has done nothing about procuring a replacement aircraft or planning for this essential service to be undertaken by a South African company that has both the aircraft and pilot skills to ensure accurate calibration of the country’s main airports. I have discovered that at least three South African aviation companies were asked to quote on instrumentation calibration at all South Africa’s major airports, but then the SACAA decided this had to go to tender. I understand that the tender has been awarded to an individual who is well known for various dubious aviation schemes over the years and wait for it: this man does not have the aircraft, qualified pilots or calibration equipment. Yet another BBEEE scam that will now touch the lives of many of South Africans who wish to travel under the present strict lockdown rules. This is another shocking situation, which means that once again the regulator has let the South African travelling public down.
Q) FAJA/QMXLT/IV/M /A /000/999/2937S03107E A) FALE B) 20/04/25 07:48 C) 20/07/20 10:00. E) TWY B TEMPO DOWNGRADED FM CODE F TO CODE C.
NOTAMN from the SACAA
Once again, the regulator has sent out an unintelligible NOTAM written in CAPITAL LETTERS, ridiculous abbreviations, spelling errors and repeated text. For this reason, I have translated the most recent NOTAM so that it makes sense to all pilots and operators.
A) FAJA FACA FAJO B)2007031041 C)2007311800 EST
1)The following General Aviation flights are permitted including maintenance related flights as per applicable regulations:
A) Agricultural spraying, cloud spraying seeding and dusting
C) Construction related to aviation
E) Aerial harvesting
F) Aerial patrol, observation and survey
G) Search and rescue
H) Aerial recording by photographic or electronic means
I) Fire spotting, control and fighting
J) Essential services flights
2) Aviation training operations are permitted as Part 141 operations specifications:
A) Full stop landing away from base is allowed providing that no embarkation or disembarkation occurs except in an emergency. After vacating the runway, the aircraft is required to return to the holding point immediately for take-off
3) Skills tests, revalidation checks and six-monthly proficiency checks are permitted
4) All above operations to submit COVID-19 protocol to SACAA for approval prior to operations:
A) COVID-19 signed procedure checklist for aviation training organisation operations to be submitted to personnel licencing e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
B) COVID-19 signed procedure checklist for General Aviation operations to be submitted to e-mail: email@example.com
C) Aerial work AOC operations to submit COVID-19 procedure to SACAA for approval prior to operations e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
D) All examiners and instructors are required to conduct tests or checks independently of aviation training organisation or operations shall submit COVID-19 signed procedure checklist to e-mail: email@example.com for once off authority.
5) All flights listed above to ensure a copy of the NOTAM, along with the associated documentation to be carried aboard the aircraft.
6) Recreation aviation operations are prohibited, except for maintenance related flights and proficiency test flights.
7) Approval for operations defined in 6 needs to be obtained from SACAA, please consult guidance material on SACAA website.
Proficiency (recency) flight requests
Published jointly by CAASA and the Aero Club of South Africa
The webpage will provide access to applications to allow for flights in our various GA / RA disciplines to take place for the maintenance of our flying proficiency, or more specifically ‘recency’, as it will be expected that you are sufficiently proficient to fly in the first place.
The process to be followed will be defined within each discipline as listed below in the header, prior to completing the application. In terms of flying disciplines, all Aero Club sections have been catered for as well as General Aviation. This process supports the intent of the Government Gazette No 43493 dated 2 July 2020 as well as the SACAA General Notice # GAD-2020/003 dated 3 July 2020. Submitting the application will result in an approval e-mail notification, valid for the next seven days with no flying limits (to be printed and available when you fly), after which you can apply for a repeat application as necessary.
Of importance to note is that flying within the constraints as indicated is to ensure that the spread of the virus is contained, thus the protocols you agree to are to be complied with. In this regard proficiency flying will only be allowed to take place from a single airfield or base, i.e. no destinations other than the same airfield or base of operations you departed from. Out landings for touch and go’s will be permitted.
Please go to the following website: www.caasa.co.za/proficiency-recency-flight-requests/
Application for Powered Aircraft (TCA & NTCA) Recency flights
Application for Glider Recency Flights
Application for Hang & Paragliding & Powered Para-gliding Recency flights
Application for Ballooning Recency flights
Application for Parachuting Recency
Application for Para-drop Flights in Support of Parachuting Operations
For Model Flying – visit the SAMAA website
CAA General Notice # GAD-2020/003
A short history of NOTAMS
The term NOTAM came into common use rather than the more formal notice to airmen following the ratification of the CICA, which came into effect on 4 April 1947. Notices to airmen were normally published in a regular publication by each country’s air authorities. A number of developments and amendments to the CICA have resulted in the more automated system available today. A notice to airmen (NOTAM) is a notice filed with an aviation authority to alert aircraft pilots of potential hazards along a flight route or at a location that could affect the safety of the flight. NOTAMs are unclassified notices or advisories distributed by means of telecommunication that contain information concerning the establishment, conditions or change in any aeronautical facility, service, procedure or hazard, the timely knowledge of which is essential to personnel and systems concerned with flight operations. NOTAMs are created and transmitted by government agencies and airport operators under guidelines specified by Annex 15: Aeronautical Information Services of the Convention on International Civil Aviation (CICA).
In July 2017, Air Canada Flight 759 nearly crashed into four other airliners as it attempted to land on a San Francisco taxiway misidentified as a runway: the next runway was closed but the information was buried in the NOTAM. In September 2018, the NTSB stated NOTAMs were unintelligible and ignored, and recommended a more effective information presentation for better relevance. Flight planning applications for electronic flight bag can help decipher and better organize NOTAMs. The following describes ICAO NOTAMs. NOTAMs are published using all upper-case letters, which are claimed by some to make NOTAMs difficult to read. Note that some countries such as the United States may diverge from the following ICAO standards.
Since NOTAMs were developed around the older telex systems back in 1947, is it not about time that ICAO and regulators around the word adopted a modern, readable and intelligible system to works for today’s aviators?
What happened in aviation over the past week?
SAAF Oryx helicopter ship rescue
An Oryx helicopter from the South African Air Force’s 15 Squadron based at Air Force Base Durban has again come to the rescue of a civilian, medically evacuating an injured seafarer from a ship off the Durban coastline. 15 Squadron was requested by the Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre to rescue a 70-year-old Filipino crewman with a foot injury from the bulk carrier Attalia five nautical miles off the Durban coast. The rescue operation was initiated on Monday morning while the vessel was in deep-sea off the Eastern coastline and heading towards her nearest port at Durban.
Jonathan Kellerman, NSRI Durban station commander, said that at 07h00 on Tuesday 7 July, two NSRI Durban rescue swimmers and two Netcare 911 rescue paramedics boarded the Oryx helicopter. On arrival at the ship, three nautical miles off-shore of the Port of Durban, an NSRI rescue swimmer and the two Netcare 911 rescue paramedics were hoisted from the helicopter onto the ship’s deck and a Stokes basket stretcher was lowered onto the deck. The patient was secured into the Stokes basket stretcher and accompanied by a Netcare 911 rescue paramedic, hoisted into the helicopter followed by the NSRI rescue swimmer and the remaining Netcare 911 rescue paramedic. In a stable condition the patient was airlifted directly to St Augustine’s Hospital for medical attention.
WORLDWIDE ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS
NTSB preliminary report: Vans RV8
On 12 June 2020, an experimental amateur-built Vans RV8, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident at Henry County Airport (HMP), Hampton, Georgia. The airline transport pilot was seriously injured. The flight was conducted under the provisions of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91. According to the owner / operator of the airplane and several witnesses, the purpose of the flight was for the pilot to join the operator in the air for an airshow practice flight. The operator was already at altitude when the accident airplane departed.
During the initial climb after take-off from runway 06, witnesses described the engine sound as ‘missing… popping… not making significant power… and couldn’t get to max power.’ The witnesses also described black smoke trailing in the engine’s exhaust. The operator stated that the pilot announced unspecified ‘engine problems’ over the radio.
Witnesses further described the airplane performing a 180°-turn for landing in the opposite direction on runway 24. They surmised that inadequate runway remained for a successful landing on runway 24 and watched as the airplane entered a subsequent 180°-turn for landing on the departure runway. At low altitude and low airspeed, while aligned with the left base leg of the traffic pattern for runway 06, the airplane ‘stalled’ and impacted terrain in a flat attitude at the approach end of the runway. The landing gear and cockpit canopy separated and the wings and the fuselage were substantially damaged.
According to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) records, the airplane was manufactured in 2004. The airplane was powered by a JBA IO-360-BLXC3, 185 -horsepower, 4-cylinder engine and its most recent condition inspection was completed on 10 February 2020 at 1,894.7 total aircraft hours. The airplane was examined by an FAA aviation safety inspector. Flight control continuity was confirmed. The engine was rotated by hand and continuity was confirmed though the powertrain and valvetrain to the accessory section. Compression was tested on each cylinder and found within the normal operating range. Timing on each magneto was confirmed, whilst both magnetos produced spark on all terminal leads when bench tested.
The fuel injection servo was separated from the engine and damaged by impact. All fuel lines and the flow divider were absent of obstruction and debris when checked visually and with compressed air except for the No. 2 fuel nozzle which was blocked. The obstruction was cleared with a length of safety wire. Examination of the spark plugs (top and bottom) revealed signatures consistent with ‘rich’ mixtures in the Nos. 1 and 4 cylinders and ‘lean’ mixtures in the Nos. 2 and 3 cylinders.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
Aviation around the world
As for GA, flight instruction is not on hold, but it is dented. Almost overnight, the white-hot pilot hiring market has paused as furloughs have started. A staggering percentage of the world’s airline fleet has been parked in short-term storage. Shelter-in-place orders have had an ambiguous impact on personal flying. People are still doing it, but our surveys suggest activity is depressed. But now is actually the time we need to begin thinking about how Covid-19 will have changed our world and us by the time it has been beaten into submission. Of course, if science and medicine are unsuccessful at that task, all of us, probably won’t be reading any such speculations. Like any global event, this combined medical / public health / economic catastrophe is going to produce many outcomes in line with Donald Rumsfeld’s infamous formulation:
“Reports that say that something hasn’t happened are always interesting to me, because as we know, there are known knowns; there are things we know we know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say, we know there are some things we do not know.” But in our case, this time around, despite Rumsfeld’s warning, we will still take a stab at this, based on our experience with a world that continues to astonish us with its transformations and black swans, as well as our own fascination with the musings of so much speculative fiction.
EAA spirit of aviation week schedule highlights entire spectrum of flight
Highlights from across the world of flight will entertain and educate aviation enthusiasts between 21 and 25 July as part of the extensive schedule for EAA’s Spirit of Aviation Week. That initial schedule was unveiled this week as part of the free online experience hosted by the Experimental Aircraft Association.
With already more than 170 scheduled events, the five-day online aviation fest includes streamed and on-demand content, encompassing nearly every facet of aviation, with a focus on educational, informational and entertaining moments. EAA’s special interest groups will also be heavily involved, bringing highlights that include homebuilt aircraft, warbirds, vintage, aerobatics, ultralights and much more at WWW.EAATogether.org.
“The support and participation from across the entire aviation community, including NASA and the US Air Force, has allowed us to create a schedule that truly reaches across the entirety of flying highlights,” said Jack Pelton, EAA CEO and Chairman of the Board. “The content throughout the week is more than something to watch – it is a week where everyone can truly be engaged as an active participant.”
Among the features scheduled throughout the week are:
• Discussions and content covering homebuilts, vintage aircraft, warbirds, ultralights, chapters, learning to fly, hangar flying, airshows, military aviation, spaceflight and more
• Forums across multiple channels ranging from how-to content and learning to fly to aviation history and technical insights
• Multiple live workshops each day on aircraft building and restoration skills
• Pilot proficiency content for FAA WINGS credit
• Interviews with aviation personalities, plus favourite EAA archive material – some of which has never been seen publicly
“While nothing can replace the in-person Oshkosh experience, Spirit of Aviation Week brings multiple channels of highlights throughout each of the five days,” Pelton said. “In that way, it is like being on the AirVenture grounds, where every turn brings a new possibility to discover and engage in everything about aviation. Wherever you are during Spirit of Aviation Week, this experience reminds us that we are indeed #EAATogether.” Further activities will be added in the coming days, so check back for additional highlights to come.
Traveller survey reveals COVID-19 concerns
The International Air Transport Association (IATA) released public opinion research showing the willingness to travel being tempered by concerns over the risks of catching COVID-19 during air travel. The industry’s re-start plans address passenger’s main concerns.
Concerns for travel during COVID-19
Travellers are taking precautions to protect themselves from COVID-19 with 77% saying that they are washing their hands more frequently, 71% avoiding large meetings and 67% having worn a facemask in public. Some 58% of those surveyed said that they have avoided air travel, with 33% suggesting that they will avoid travel in future as a continued measure to reduce the risk of catching COVID-19.
Travelers identified their top three concerns as follows:
At the Airport
1) Being in a crowded bus / train on the way to the aircraft (59%)
2) Queuing at check-in / security / border control or boarding (42%)
3) Using airport restrooms / toilet facilities (38%)
On board aircraft
1) Sitting next to someone who might be infected (65%)
2) Using restrooms / toilet facilities (42%)
3) Breathing the air on the plane (37%)
When asked to rank the top three measures that would make them feel safer, 37% cited COVID-19 screening at departure airports, 34% agreed with mandatory wearing of facemasks and 33% noted social distancing measures on aircraft.
Passengers themselves displayed a willingness to play a role in keeping flying safe by:
1) Undergoing temperature checks (43%)
2) Wearing a mask during travel (42%)
3) Checking-in online to minimize interactions at the airport (40%)
4) Taking a COVID-19 test prior to travel (39%)
5) Sanitising their seating area (38%).
“People are clearly concerned about COVID-19 when traveling. But they are also reassured by the practical measures being introduced by governments and the industry under the take-off guidance developed by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). These include mask-wearing, the introduction of contactless technology in travel processes and screening measures. This tells us that we are on the right track to restoring confidence in travel. But it will take time. To have maximum effect, it is critical that governments deploy these measures globally,” said Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO.
The survey also pointed to some key issues in restoring confidence where the industry will need to communicate the facts more effectively. Travellers’ top on board concerns include:
Cabin air quality: Travelers have not made up their minds about cabin air quality. While 57% of travellers believed that air quality is dangerous, 55% also responded that they understood that it was as clean as the air in a hospital operating theatre. The quality of air in modern aircraft is, in fact, far better than most other enclosed environments. It is exchanged with fresh air every 2-3 minutes, whereas the air in most office buildings is exchanged 2-3 times per hour. Moreover, High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filters capture well over 99.999% of germs, including the Coronavirus.
Social distancing: Governments advise to wear a mask (or face covering) when social distancing is not possible, as is the case with public transport. This aligns with the expert ICAO take-off guidance. In addition, while passengers are sitting in close proximity on board, the cabin air flow is from ceiling to floor. This limits the potential spread of viruses or germs backwards or forwards in the cabin. There are several other natural barriers to the transmission of the virus on board, including the forward orientation of passengers (limiting face-to-face interaction), seatbacks that limit transmission from row-to-row and the limited movement of passengers in the cabin. There is no requirement for social distancing measures on board the aircraft from highly respected aviation authorities such as the US Federal Aviation Administration, the European Union Aviation Safety Agency or ICAO.
“It is no secret that passengers have concerns about the risk of transmission onboard. They should be reassured by the many built-in anti-virus features of the air flow system and forward-facing seating arrangements. On top of this, screening before flight and facial coverings are among the extra layers of protection that are being implemented by industry and governments on the advice of ICAO and the World Health Organization. No environment is risk free, but few environments are as controlled as the aircraft cabin and we need to make sure that travellers understand that” said de Juniac.
No quick solution
While nearly half of those surveyed (45%) indicated that they would return to travel within a few months of the pandemic subsiding, this is a significant drop from the 61% recorded in the April survey. Overall, the survey results demonstrate that people have not lost their taste for travel, but there are blockers to returning to pre-crisis levels of travel:
• A majority of travellers surveyed plan to return to travel to see family and friends (57%), to vacation (56%) or to do business (55%) as soon as possible after the pandemic subsides.
• But 66% said that they would travel less for leisure and business in the post-pandemic world.
• Whilst 64% indicated that they would postpone travel until economic factors improved (personal and broader).
“This crisis could have a very long shadow. Passengers are telling us that it will take time before they return to their old travel habits. Many airlines are not planning for demand to return to 2019 levels until 2023 or 2024. Numerous governments have responded with financial lifelines and other relief measures at the height of the crisis. As some parts of the world are starting the long road to recovery, it is critical that governments stay engaged. Continued relief measures like alleviation from use-it-or-lose it slot rules, reduced taxes or cost reduction measures will be critical for some time to come,” said de Juniac.
One of the biggest blockers to industry recovery is quarantine. Some 85% of travellers reported concern for being quarantined while traveling, a similar level of concern to those reporting general concern for catching the virus when traveling (84%). Among the measures that travellers were willing to take in adapting to travel during or after the pandemic, only 17% reported that they were will willing to undergo quarantine.
“Quarantine is a demand killer. Keeping borders closed prolongs the pain by causing economic hardship well beyond airlines. If governments want to re-start their tourism sectors, alternative risk-based measures are needed. Many are built into the ICAO Take-off guidelines, like health screening before departure to discourage symptomatic people from traveling. Airlines are helping this effort with flexible rebooking policies. In these last days we have seen the UK and the EU announce risk-based calculations for opening their borders. And other countries have chosen testing options. Where there is a will to open up, there are ways to do it responsibly,” said de Juniac.
The 11-country survey, which was conducted during the first week of June 2020, assessed traveller concerns during the pandemic and the potential timelines for their return to travel. This is the third wave of the survey, with previous waves conducted at the end of February and the beginning of April. All those surveyed had taken at least one flight since July 2019.
WORLD DRONE NEWS
Grocery delivery by drone being tested
Rouses Markets will be testing an unmanned grocery delivery pilot programme this Fall. The grocer has partnered with Deuce Drone to conduct the demonstration with an Aerial Drone Delivery Interface System (ADDIS) at the Rouses Market on Airport Boulevard in Mobile, Alabama. Rouses Markets already offers personal shopping and delivery services that allow customers to shop online and get deliveries in as little as an hour, but Donny Rouse, CEO, is committed to exploring more convenient and innovative ways.
“Drone delivery offers the fastest, safest delivery store to door. We should be able to get groceries to customers in 30 minutes or even less. Plus, it is more cost efficient, meaning we can save customers time and money.” Rhett Ross, CEO of Deuce Drone, says Rouses Markets is an ideal test case for his company’s last-mile delivery solution because of its footprint and commitment to being first with everything. “We are excited to partner with Rouses Markets and work together to alter the landscape of home delivery.” Deuce Drone’s team of aerospace, construction and technology experts is leading the way in e-commerce fulfilment. The company is responsible for the design of ADDIS, including its automated operation of the landing, recharging and package handling systems. All portions of the drone and the related activities of ADDIS meet or exceed Federal, State and Local regulations and codes.
Weekly News from African Pilot
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnews link on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.
Until next week Monday, please be ‘Serious about flying’.
Athol Franz (Editor)