“No man, for any considerable period, can wear one face to himself and another to the multitude, without finally getting bewildered as to which one is true.” Nathaniel Hawthorne
African Pilot’s October 2019 edition
The October edition of African Pilot features Aviation Maintenance Organisations (AMOs) as well as Aviation Refurbishment companies and Professional Services in southern Africa has been fully distributed. This edition includes the first in our new series of ‘Flights to Nowhere’ by Wouter Botes being the Rietbok SAA Vickers Viscount that crashed into the Indian Ocean off Kayser’s beach near East London 13 March 1967.
African Pilot’s November 2019 edition
This is the edition of African Pilot where we promote the various Cape Town Airports and the business based at these airports are exposed on our various media platforms. In addition, this edition will carry a theme ‘Gifts for Pilots’. The closing date for all editorial and advertising material is this Wednesday 2 October. For advertising positions please contact Lara Bayliss at Tel: 0861 001130 Cell: 079 880 4359 or e-mail: email@example.com.
Ordering your 2020 executive wall calendars
For many years African Pilot has marketed executive wall calendars to aviation businesses in batches of 50 where your business name and contact details will be visible throughout the year. The idea is that this beautiful 12 leaf wall calendar is given out by your company as a Christmas / New Year gift to your most valuable customers. At R170 + VAT per calendar this is an ideal way to ensure that your companies name is prominently seen throughout the coming year. Some of the pictures to be published within the calendar are on the page above, but if you wish to view all 12 pictures, please visit our website: www.africanpilot.co.za. Further information is available from our marketing manager Lara Bayliss at e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or call her on Cell: 079 880 4359. Thank you.
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SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
What happened in aviation over the past week?
African Pilot’s visit to Cape Town
This past week I spent four days in Cape Town visiting customers at Cape Town International Airport, Morningstar, Fisantekraal and Stellenbosch airfields before attending the CAASA Symposium staged at Spier Wine Estate on Friday. Thank you to all the customers with whom I met for your hospitality and for providing new information about your various businesses. The Cape Town Airports will be featured within the November edition of African Pilot.
CAASA’s Symposium Africa 2019
The Commercial Aviation Association (CAASA) turns 75 years this year and the event was celebrated at the annual Symposium Africa staged at the famous Spier Wine Estate in Stellenbosch. ExecuJet sponsored the cocktail function on Thursday evening, which was an excellent opportunity to meet many CAASA members as well as guest speakers. The all-day Symposium followed on Friday with an excellent speaker line-up followed by a wonderful evening’s entertainment sponsored by the Absolute Aviation Group that presented a hilarious comedian who kept all of us laughing through the night. More about the success of the CAASA Symposium 2019 in the November edition of African Pilot.
Sun ‘n Fun 2020 tour
What is scheduled for the next few weeks?
African Pilot’s 2019 calendar
We will publish the aviation calendar within APAnews three months ahead, but you can always visit African Pilot’s website: www.africanpilot.co.za if you would like to obtain the full calendar for the entire year.
1 to 3 October
AfBAA Conference and Exhibition Montecasino, Johannesburg
Contact E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: +44 1206 844288
5 & 6 October
SAC Western Cape Regionals – Swellendam airfield
Contact Annie Boon e-mail: email@example.com
10 to 13 October
Airlines Association of Southern Africa 49th Annual General Assembly – Reunion Island
I will be representing African Pilot at this very important annual conference again this year.
15 & 16 October
Drone Con International Convention Centre Durban
15 to 18 October
SACAA ARO regulatory development workshop Ambrosia Hall, Midrand
SACAA Strategic Plan Stakeholder Consultation Kempton Park
RSVP Charmaine Shibambo E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Tel: 011 545 1076
SAPFA SA Landing Championships at Brits Airfield
Contact Ron Stirk E-mail: email@example.com Cell:082 445 0373
25 and 26 October
Ladysmith Aviation Careers Expo sponsored by the SACAA
Contact Kgomotso Malema E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Cell 083 451 2661
22 to 24 October
NBAA-bace Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
SAPFA Baragwanath Fun Rally – Baragwanath Airfield
Contact Frank Eckard cell: 083 269 1516 e-mail: email@example.com
SAPFA Rally Championships – Stellenbosch airfield
Contact Frank Eckard cell: 083 269 1516 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
8 to 10 November
EAA Sun ‘n Fun at Brits airfield
Contact EAA National Committee Marie Reddy E-mail: email@example.com
Aero Club of South Africa annual awards Rand Airport
Contact AeCSA office 011 082 1100 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
22 to 24 November
NBAA-bace convention and exhibition in Las Vegas Convention Centre, Nevada, USA
SAPFA Springs Speed Rally – Springs Airfield
Contact Jonty Esser cell: 082 855 9435 e-mail: email@example.com
28 and 29 November
Drones and Digital Aviation Conference Emperors Palace Convention Centre
Contact E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.bussynet.co.za
Elders Flight at Rand Airport
Contact Felix Gosher Cell: 066 485 0407 SMS only
SAPFA landing championships at Brits airfield
November Contact Rob Jonkers cell: 082 804 7032 e-mail: email@example.com
30 November – 1 December
SAC Ace of Base Vereeniging Airfield
Contact Annie Boon e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
African Pilot has started preparing the 2020 aviation events calendar
Do you have an aviation event planned for 2020? If so please let me have the details so that I can add this information to the 2020 aviation calendar that has already started. Information is shared with the following organisations:
Capital Sounds – Brian Emmenis
Air Show South Africa (ASSA)
The Aero Club of South Africa (AeCSA)
South African Power Flying Association (SAPFA)
Sports Aerobatic Club of South Africa (SAC)
Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA)
South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA)
Commercial Aviation Association of Southern Africa (CAASA)
Nearly ALL other aviation media use this calendar for the information they publish
Several other organisations both in South Africa as well as abroad.
Please send details to: email@example.com Thank you.
AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
Mozambique receives Russian Mi-17 helicopter
On 25 September a Russian Air Force An-124 (registration RA-82038) landed at Nacala. Pictures posted on social media show a Mi-17 helicopter being off loaded. Apparently Russian military advisors have been deployed to Mozambique, with local media reporting that at least 160 Russian military personnel have been in Cabo Delgado since August to help neutralise attacks in the region.
According to the Jamestown Foundation Terrorism Monitor, in terms of military partnership, Russia and Mozambique signed a resolution allowing Russian military vessels to dock at Mozambican ports in late August and by mid-September reports began to emerge of Russian military equipment being present, including at Nacala Port, Nampula Province and in Mueda and Palma, Cabo Delgado Province, where Palma is one of the areas most affected by the Ansar al-Sunna insurgency and is the base of Cabo Delgado’s offshore liquid natural gas operations. On 20 September the Jamestown Foundation said: “While reports of Russian military personnel cannot be independently verified, the security agreements do pave the way for the Russian military to train and advise Mozambican forces and Russia has made similar moves towards other African nations.”
Plane accident kills two in Tanzania’s famed national park
At least two people were killed on Monday morning when their small plane crashed in the Serengeti National Park in northern Tanzania, said an official. “It is true a pilot and a passenger have been killed in a plane accident. The plane crashed shortly after it took off from the Seronera airstrip in national park,” Paschal Shelutete, the Tanzania National Parks Senior Assistant Conservation Commissioner for Communication told Xinhua on phone from Arusha. Shelutete said the plane crashed at 07h30 as it was flying from the Seronera airstrip to the Grumeti Game Reserve located on the Serengeti Plains. The official said the plane belonged to Auric Air Services Ltd, a small privately-owned airline based in Tanzania.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
Cessna Citation Longitude business jet receives FAA type certification
Last week Textron Aviation announced it has achieved type certification by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for its innovative super-midsize jet, the Cessna Citation Longitude, paving the way for customer deliveries. FAA type certification follows the most robust flight, structural and component qualification testing completed on a Citation to date. The experimental and demo fleet completed close to 6,000 hours of flight time. In addition to 11,000 test points during the certification process, the Longitude also completed a 31,000-nautical mile world tour, demonstrating the aircraft’s outstanding long-range performance capability and reliability in a variety of environments. The Longitude, produced at Textron Aviation’s manufacturing facility in Wichita, benefits from state-of-the-art assembly and fabrication tools and techniques.
Condor to fly despite Thomas Cook bankruptcy
The German airline Condor, a subsidiary of the bankrupt British tour operator Thomas Cook, obtained a state loan guaranteed by the German state of €380 million which will allow it to continue to fly. Following the announcement of Thomas Cook’s bankruptcy on 23 September 2019, the German airline had requested an emergency loan from the federal government and the government of Hesse as it is based in Frankfurt am Main. The next day, Condor confirmed that it had received a pledge from the German government and the Hesse state government for a six-month bridging loan of 380 million euros aimed at ‘preventing possible liquidity shortages. However, the loan is subject to the approval of the European Commission. ‘When the decision from Brussels will come cannot be said yet’, a press release by Condor indicates.
Condor is now expected to file an application to begin a protective screen process in order to separate itself from its parent company. “As a profitable company with a positive cash flow and good business development, we are freeing ourselves from the possible claims of our English parent company Thomas Cook Group,” says Ralf Teckentrup, CEO of the airline, adding “in the current situation, this step is the best for our customers, our business partners and for us”. Founded in 1956, Condor operates a fleet of 58 aircraft and currently employs 4,900 people. Its core destinations are the United States and the Mediterranean area.
Ongoing repatriation in the United Kingdom
On 25 September the UK Civil Aviation Authority (UKCAA) announced that it had already repatriated about 20% of the 120,000 passengers that were due to return to the United Kingdom but found themselves stranded following Thomas Cooks’ bankruptcy. “We have now operated over 130 flights in the first two days of this operation, returning almost 30,000 people to the UK,” said Richard Moriarty, Chief Executive of the UK Civil Aviation Authority. “So far, we are flying home 95 percent of people on their original date of departure at the end of their holiday”.
While the 9,000 employees of Thomas Cook in the United Kingdom are certain to lose their jobs, all over Europe workers are facing uncertainty. In Belgium, 80% of the 600 people working in the company’s travel agencies could see their positions preserved. Thomas Cook France, the French subsidiary of the group that employs 780 people and operates 172 travel agencies, has announced it would apply for a placement in receivership.
What will 737 MAX be worth once it returns to service?
While the grounded Boeing 737 MAX jets are already a headache for airlines, their ungrounding will likely to bring a new range of confusion for aircraft lessors, investors and financiers. What will be the price of the 737 MAX and what factors will affect its value once the planes are given the green light to fly again is one of the main topics concerning the industry right now. In a panel discussion at AIR Convention Europe 2019, Marian Pistik, the head of asset management at International Airfinance Corporation, Michael Rurik Halaby, the head of aviation debt origination / EMEA at Deutsche Bank and Rob Watts, the CEO of Aerotask have exchanged views on the problems surrounding the 737 MAX return to service from a financial aspect.
One problem in estimating the MAX value once the worldwide grounding is lifted will be related to the strange age of the plane, Michael Rurik Halaby pointed out. Take, for instance, a plane built in March 2019, which has never flown. Supposedly, the Boeing 737 MAX is cleared to fly again in March 2020. At that point, you would have an aircraft that has no flying hours, no cycles, but is already one year old.
Looking at the aircraft maintenance aspect after the restrictions are lifted, the majority of work is going to be hourly or cyclically driven, Rob Watts states. But even in that case, there are going to be certain calendar-driven elements. As some checks on the aircraft are going to be needed, its value will be reduced by the required maintenance. Before MAX can return to skies, some refresher checkups will be needed for the planes.
But for Watts, an even bigger issue is related to estimating the pricing of the 737 MAX post-grounding. Current price of an aircraft is based on the history of aircraft transactions. The problem is that there are no MAXs being transacted at the moment. “From the point of view of investor that aircraft is permanently impaired from the value that is would have had otherwise, if it was a new aircraft that went into service,” Marian Pistik adds. Currently, as MAXs are staying put, their certain components are deteriorating. As they will be returning to service, the quality of storage, weather conditions in which they were preserved will play a role in determining their value as well. Therefore, in addition to the fact that one year of the aircraft’s life will be wasted, there will be ‘significant expense’ to bring the aircraft back to life. It is not clear who will face this significant expense, Pistik argues.
Airbus A400M achieves successful helicopter refuelling
Airbus and the French Directorate General of Armament (DGA) have successfully achieved the first helicopter flight refuelling test of the A400M Atlas transport aircraft with an H225M Caracal. A proximity test with the upcoming H160 Guépard was also conclusive. The ability to refuel helicopters mid-air is one of the most anticipated tactical capabilities of the A400M for the French military. With multiple helicopters deployed in external operations, it currently has to rely on the capabilities of its allies, mainly the United States Air Force. The task is relatively complex as it requires the tanker to fly at the lowest possible speed while the helicopter is close to its top speed and this for several minutes.
While the A400M was initially expected to take on this role as soon as it entered service, it appeared throughout development that the wake turbulence it generated was currently too important to safely refuel helicopters in flight. To address that problem, it was decided to order two KC-130J Super Hercules, the same tankers used by the USAF. The first one was delivered on 19 September 2019 and both are expected to be operational in 2020.
The A400M is already certified to refuel several fighter jets, namely the Dassault Rafale, the Eurofighter Typhoon, the Panavia Tornado and the Boeing F/A-18, as well as other tankers such as the C295, the C-130 and even another A400M for buddy refuelling. It can be converted into a tanker without the need for a specific version of the aircraft and can carry up to 50.8 tons of fuel in the wings and the center wing box, without reducing cargo capacity. Two additional cargo tanks can also be installed, providing an additional fuel carrying capacity of 5.7 tons each. The fuel transported in these additional tanks may be different from that contained in the main tanks, allowing the A400M to supply different types of aircraft during the same flight.
For now, 174 A400M airlifters were ordered, with 84 already in service. Outside of the partner countries of the programme, namely Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and Turkey that total 170 orders, the remaining four were acquired by Malaysia.
Lockheed Martin delivers first French KC-130J Super Hercules
The aircraft was highly anticipated in France, as it will allow refuelling the country’s helicopters in-flight. However, the problem might prove temporary, as the A400M managed a total of 51 ‘dry contacts’ (without fuel transfer) with an H225M Caracal at a speed of less than 200 km/h, in altitudes ranging from 1,000 feet to 10,000 feet (305 and 3,500 meters). The next step will be to conduct a ‘wet contact’ before the end of the year, with an expected certification no earlier than 2021.
The DGA also took the opportunity to start proximity flights between the A400M and another helicopter, the Airbus H160, which proved successful. The military variant of the aircraft was chosen as the new multirole helicopter for the French armed forces, under the name H160M ‘Guépard’. With the civilian version expected to enter the market in 2020, France will have to wait until 2023 for the maiden flight of the H160M prototype.
Airbus H160M ‘Guépard’ to enter service two years early
Ahead of the Paris Air Show, a life-size mock-up of Airbus Helicopters military version of the H160 was revealed by the French Ministry of Armed Forces, which expects the helicopter to enter service two years earlier than expected.
New T-7A Red Hawk honours legends of the past and heroes of the future
The US Air Force has announced its name for Boeing’s new advanced pilot training system: The T-7A Red Hawk. The name is derived from the Red Tails, also known as the Tuskegee Airmen. This historic group was the first unit of African American military pilots and support personnel who fought in World War II. They became known as the Red Tails due to the distinctive red paint on the tails of their P-51 Mustang aircraft. The announcement was made during the opening session at the Air Force Association’s annual Air, Space & Cyber Conference in National Harbour, Md. Acting Secretary of the Air Force Matthew Donovan unveiled the name and livery.
In recent months, Boeing’s T-7A programme has accomplished a number of significant milestones, including the first official Engineering and Manufacturing Development flight test, the aircraft’s 100th flight and the completion of aircraft critical design review. The T-7A Red Hawk Advanced Pilot Training System is designed to evolve as technologies, missions and training needs change.
Cirrus Aircraft unveils TRAC series of flight training aircraft
On 24 September Cirrus Aircraft announced the TRAC Series, a purpose-built configuration of the best-selling SR Series line of aircraft developed specifically for flight training institutions. The TRAC Series is thoughtfully crafted with reliability, durability and economy in mind to meet the rigors of high-tempo flight operations, while providing industry-leading safety and performance for both the pilot trainee and flight instructor. Combining the Perspective+TM by Garmin® flight deck along with the unrivalled performance and safety uniquely found in the SR Series, the TRAC Series includes tailored features such as rear seat push-to-talk functionality and a landing gear simulator aimed at increasing training productivity.
“Our commitment to flight training goes far beyond innovation in aircraft design to include a unique approach to attracting and training future generations of aviators,” said Zean Nielsen, CEO at Cirrus Aircraft. “The TRAC Series delivers a 21st century solution for world-class, forward-thinking flight training institutions.”
Designed to be the ultimate training platform, the technologically advanced TRAC Series boasts an impressive list of features and capabilities that complement the aircraft’s stable flight characteristics. The integrated Perspective+ flight deck includes two large flight displays, a Flight Management System (FMS) keypad controller, an Electronic Stability and Protection system, as well as integrated engine indication and crew alerting / warning systems; all features found on today’s advanced airliners.
Cirrus Aircraft has redesigned the interior to meet the unique needs of a high-utilisation training environment, replacing the luxury materials found in the SR Series with a durable all-weather floor liner and easy to clean wear-resistant seats. The spacious cabin provides an optimal workspace to learn and train, with more space than typical training aircraft, rear seats for additional students or observers and optional air conditioning for comfort in all seasons.
The TRAC SR20 comes equipped with a modern Lycoming IO-390, 215HP power plant, providing reliability and efficiency for up to 2,400 hours before overhaul, and features a durable all-composite airframe structure with the signature Cirrus Airframe Parachute System® (CAPS®), making the TRAC Series one of the safest and most versatile training airplanes available today. The TRAC Series is further enhanced by a wide array of interactive, tailored flight training content through Cirrus ApproachTM, including online courses, engaging videos and the award-winning iFOM (interactive Flight Operations Manual) for convenient learning anywhere in the world.
With the TRAC Series, Cirrus Aircraft is poised to expand an already impressive list of world-class flight training programmes around the globe that operate fleets of Cirrus aircraft, including Emirates Airline, Lufthansa Aviation Training, the United States Air Force Academy, Airbus Flight Academy, Western Michigan University, Oklahoma State University, Japan Civil Aviation College, the Royal Saudi Air Force as well as Cirrus South Africa.
Pennsylvania man indicted for possession of homemade bombs and a drone
United States Attorney William M. McSwain announced that Jason Muzzicato (43) of Bangor, Pennsylvania was charged by Superseding Indictment with possession of firearms by an unlawful user of a controlled substance and knowingly operating an aircraft when not registered. Muzzicato was also previously charged in June with possession of firearms by a person subject to a court order restraining him from harassing, stalking and threatening an intimate partner (known as a domestic violence protective order, Protection From Abuse order or PFA) and possession of an unregistered destructive device (an improvised explosive device). These charges are pending before United States District Judge Joseph F. Leeson in Allentown, Pennsylvania.
The charges against the defendant stem from his possession of firearms and homemade bombs, while subject to the terms of a PFA order issued by the Northampton County Court of Common Pleas and while being an unlawful user of methamphetamine. Under federal law, an individual who is subject to a PFA order is prohibited from possessing firearms. The defendant is also charged with unlawful operation of an unmanned aerial vehicle (drone). As alleged in the Superseding Indictment, the defendant possessed a DJI, Model Phantom 3, unmanned aerial vehicle (drone), seven improvised explosive devices and ten firearms, including multiple AR-15 rifles and semi-automatic pistols.
“It does not take much imagination to conjure up the enormous harm that can result from the combination of illegal firearms, explosives and drone aircraft,” said US Attorney McSwain. “Adding methamphetamine and a disregard of court orders to the mix only serves to heighten the risk. Here the defendant’s alleged behaviour violated the law and threatened public safety.”
According to The Morning Call newspaper, Muzzicato is suspected in a series of late-night explosions earlier this year and he used the drone to drop bombs on his ex-girlfriend’s house. The accusation was used to justify his continued confinement while he awaits trial. Muzzicato’s attorney John Waldon said his client denies using the drone to drop explosives. “We don’t have any conclusive evidence and when my client was interviewed by the FBI he denied that,” Waldron said. If convicted, the defendant faces a maximum possible sentence of 33 years’ imprisonment, three years’ supervised release, a $760,000 fine and a $400 special assessment. Trial is set for 4 November 2019.
Authorities say the man accused of sabotaging AA plane had ISIS videos on his phone
The man accused of sabotaging an American Airlines jet preparing to depart from Miami by disabling airspeed sensors has ties to the Islamic terrorist group ISIS, according to prosecutors. The website Townhall reports that during a bail hearing in Miami for Abdul-Majeed Marouf Ahmed Alani, the American Airlines mechanic who is a naturalised US citizen from Iraq, had ISIS propaganda videos on his phone at the time of his arrest. He is connected to the group through his brother in Iraq, according to authorities. The Associated Press reports that at the hearing, US Magistrate Judge Chris McAliley imposed pretrial detention for 60-year-old mechanic. He has not been charged with a terror-related crime. Alani has been accused of trying to disable the airplane over ongoing labour negotiations with his union. He said he hoped to be assigned to repair the jet in order to collect overtime pay. The problem was detected by the plane’s pilots prior to take-off. Surveillance video showed Alani sabotaging the plane over a period of about seven minutes.
NEXA Capital Partners launches urban air mobility geomatics
Urban Air Mobility Geomatics, LLC, a new business intelligence entity to accelerate much-needed investment into eVTOL flight through analytical tools and advanced models, supported by geospatial data and business case analysis. UAM Geomatics is also pleased to announce a partnership with Blue Raster, an award-winning Esri pioneer in interactive ArcGIS technology.
The urban air mobility opportunity (arguably a trillion-dollar market) is critically hampered because the aerospace sector lacks basic business intelligence needed to make the financial case for both vehicle and infrastructure investment. Michael Dyment, Managing Partner of NEXA Capital Partners stated, “The industry has an urgent need of improved reliability of market forecast information as well as relevant geocoded data pinpointing heliports, hospitals, power lines, airports, airspace boundaries and even corporate headquarters, in order to start planning eVTOL networks for the world’s major cities.” Much of the current market intelligence available is outdated, grossly inaccurate, or unsupported by data. For instance, NEXA’s August 2019 report, Urban Air Mobility – Economics and Global Markets, identified thousands of heliports representing over $4 billion in infrastructure value not officially recorded by regulators or Air Navigation Service Providers. The NEXA study also forecast that between now and 2040, the industry will serve 1.3 billion passengers and will need 28,000 vehicles to service demand.
Boeing says MQ-25 unmanned aerial tanker completed its first test flight
On 19 September Boeing and the US Navy ‘successfully completed’ the first test flight of the Boeing MQ-25 Stingray unmanned aerial tanker. The two-hour flight involved Boeing test pilots at a ground control station at MidAmerica St. Louis Airport in Mascoutah, Ill., where the test programme is based. “The aircraft completed an autonomous taxi and take-off and then flew a pre-determined route to validate the aircraft’s basic flight functions and operations with the ground control station,” Boeing said.
An Airbus 380 is on its way across the Atlantic. It flies consistently at 800 km/h in 36,000 feet, when suddenly a Eurofighter with Tempo Mach 2 appears.
The pilot of the fighter jet slows down, flies alongside the Airbus and greets the pilot of the passenger plane by radio: “Airbus flight, boring flight isn’t it? Take care and have a look here!”
He rolls his jet on its back, accelerates, breaks through the sound barrier, rises rapidly to a dizzying height, only to swoop down almost to sea level in a breath-taking dive. He loops back next to the Airbus and asks, “Well, how was that?”
The Airbus pilot answers: “Very impressive, but now have a look here!”
The jet pilot watches the Airbus, but nothing happens. It continues to fly stubbornly straight, at the same speed. After ten minutes, the Airbus pilot radioed, “Well, what are you saying now?”
The jet pilot asks confused: “What did you do?” The other laughs and says, “I got up, stretched my legs, went to the to the bathroom, fetched a cup of coffee and a cinnamon cake and made an appointment with the stewardess for the next three nights, in a 5 Star hotel, which is paid for by my employer.”
The moral of the story is:
When you are young, speed and adrenaline seem to be great. But as you get older and wiser, comfort and peace are not to be despised either.
This is called S.O.S.: Slower, Older, Smarter.
Weekly News from African Pilot
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnews link on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.
Until next week, please be ‘Serious about flying’.
Athol Franz (Editor)