What is the commonality between the CAR’s and CAT’s?
African Pilot’s October 2020 edition
The amazing October edition of African Pilot was completed in the final week of September and has been fully distributed. This edition of African Pilot features Aircraft Maintenance Organisations (AMOs) and Aircraft Refurbishment. This edition has been tailormade to be read on any laptop computer or any other electronic device such as a smart phone, iPad or desktop computer.
African Pilot’s September edition was the first utilising the new 3D software that greatly enhances your reading experience. Within that edition African Pilot became an international aviation magazine publishing on an international stage and not just an African aviation magazine.
This October edition, with 48 illustrated articles is available to anyone throughout the world FREE of charge, whilst this magazine has set the standard for digital publishing, not just in South Africa, but throughout the world. At 224 pages this edition has 24 embedded videos and 12 embedded picture galleries. Several of the videos were created by the African Pilot team, which again sets this magazine apart from ALL other aviation publications, especially South African aviation publications.
Advertisers can now see the benefits of marketing their products and services to a vast international aviation audience including short videos, picture galleries and actual virtual shops, they will realise that marketing is most important for future profitability. In South Africa and the African continent, African Pilot is the only aviation publication that has purchased the latest software to provide digital enhancement to any advertiser anywhere in the world. At the same time African Pilot is also the only aviation magazine that is easy to read on any digital smart device, because our team understands the importance of ensuring the ease of use in this ‘new normal’ digital age. It is now quite obvious that ALL the other aviation publications are copying what African Pilot has pioneered, but this was to be expected. At least African Pilot publishes correct aviation information such as the calendar of events on a regular basis.
African Pilot’s November 2020 edition
As we get closer to the end of this year, the November edition will feature ‘Gifts for Pilots’ as well as international news about all aspects and developments in aviation.
The material deadline for the November edition is on Wednesday 21 October 2020.
For advertising opportunities please contact Adrian Munro at e-mail: email@example.com or Cell: 079 880 4359. All editorial material should be sent to me at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
About African Pilot
There is no doubt that African Pilot provides the finest overall aviation media reach in Africa and now the world.
We are positioned to provide professional video and stills photography, website development, social media platforms, company newsletters as well as several other important media services to our customers.
The monthly magazine is available as a digital edition where ALL advertisers enjoy the direct routing to their websites at a touch on a smart phone or tablet as well as a click of the mouse on a computer screen or tap on any smart phone device.
Do you want instant aviation news and opinions?
Visit www.APAcom.co.za and register yourself as a user
View and download African Pilot’s last three (3) 2020 editions.
Click on the covers below.
Launch of Wouter Botes’ e-book ‘Flights to Nowhere’
Wouter Botes’ E-book on Flight to Nowhere is available by visiting www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the button provided on the home page. We have provided an option for payment of R60 per download on the page.
AERO South Africa news
Take your business to NEW HEIGHTS this August at the one-stop business to business platform. The platform will be active for 12 months, allowing you to market your products and services to a targeted global General Aviation market and engage with visitors and other exhibitors on the portal. Want to book your booth on the AERO South Africa Virtual Marketplace or simply find out more? Contact one of our team members below to take your business to new heights.
AERO SA Webinar: Cleared for Take Off
SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
Ethiopian Airlines offers pilots and planes for dying SAA
Ethiopian Airlines Group offers the operational assistance for South African Airways (SAA) as part of a joint venture with the government of South Africa. Speaking to local media on 4 October 2020, Tewolde GebreMariam, the CEO of Ethiopian Airlines, said that the airline could provide its pilots, aircraft and maintenance services for struggling SAA. According to GebreMariam, Ethiopian is able to provide some of its Airbus A350 and Boeing 787 aircraft which are more modern than SAA’s Airbus A340s. However, due to possible asperities in managing SAA’s restructuring process and financial outlay ties, Ethiopian Airlines has shown no intention in dealing with legacy issues such as SAA’s debt repayment or employee reduction process.
SAA suspends operations, no funding found
South African Airways (SAA) is being put under ‘care and maintenance’ by administrators in charge of its restructuring, meaning a complete stop of the carrier’s operations. All operations of the state-owned airline were suspended on 29 September 2020, after previous attempts to restructure the carrier met with opposition from both the government and trade unions. For the implementation of SAA’s resuscitation plan, ticket refunds and severance packages pay-out for 4,000 employees, the government of South Africa still needs more than $591 million. SAA filed for liquidation and bankruptcy protection in December 2019, after decades of continuous losses.
Airline crew can come to SA but cannot ‘move around freely’
Emirates cancelled international flights to and from Durban after concerns from airlines that crew would be treated like passengers if they did not have negative Covid-19 tests. On Sunday, the transport department said airline cabin crew and pilots could come into SA even if they did not have negative Covid-19 tests, but that they would not be allowed to leave their hotels.
The statement, which the transport department says was to offer ‘clarity’ comes after concerns from airlines that crew would be treated like passengers in that they would be subjected to the country’s health protocols. This included the requirement of a negative Covid-19 test within 72 hours of departure to SA, something the industry says is impractical.
On Saturday, it emerged that Emirates had cancelled international flights to and from Durban, which were meant to resume from Sunday, 4 October. In Sunday’s statement, the department said that the SA Civil Aviation Authority issued a NOTAM as South Africa allowed international travel under level 1 lockdown regulations. According to the notice, the department said, airlines were told that crew and passengers needed to have a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) certificate not more than 72 hours old.
“Similar to passengers, the PCR certificate enables crew members to move freely in South Africa upon arrival. Aircrew who are not in possession of a negative PCR certificate will still be permitted entry into South Africa but will not be permitted to move around freely. Such crew members are expected to self-quarantine at their hotel,” the department statement read. It said that the department met regularly with various stakeholders around COVID-19 regulations and impacts, whilst the regulations and directives could be reviewed if needed.
Aero Club of South Africa’s Centenary Yearbook
Produced by John Illsley who is the second master at Pretoria Boys’ High School (I spent five happy tears at PBHS), the AeCSA is taking pre-orders for the Centenary Yearbook, to assess the demand for a print run. It will be in the form of a hard and soft cover version as well as a limited-edition leather-bound book on request. Details of the book are available on the AeCSA Website.
Indicative Pricing: – Hard Cover Book – R 400 – Soft Cover Book – R 300 – Leather Bound Book – add +/- R 200 for Novalite & R 500 for Leather. Delivery options are collected at the Rand Airport AeCSA office, or door to door courier service anywhere in South Africa. Courier costs will range between R 100 to R 130 per book dependent on location. Volume purchases are also available should this be required. Once you have registered for a pre-order and the print run is complete, the AeCSA will send an invoice for payment, which once received will have the book dispatched.
To get your pre-order secured, please go to this link. Centenary Yearbook Order form:
If you are not a member and wish to join the Aero Club and any of its sections, feel free to do so http://www.aeroclub.org.za/member-renewals-and-new-memberships/
What is scheduled for the next few weeks?
Saturday 17 October 2020 - Sling Aircraft breakfast fly-in
Now that South Africa is at COVID-19 alert level 1, Sling Aircraft is thrilled to announce the first Sling Aircraft breakfast fly-in of 2020 is finally upon us! From 07h00 to 11h30, Sling’s breakfast fly-in will be held at the Tedderfield Airpark, 23 Nettleton Road, Eikenhof (FATA). At just R100 per person paid on arrival, bring your mask, bring your buddy, relish in a scrumptious breakfast, shop Sling branded merchandise from our Sling Store, enjoy a factory tour and possibly even a sneak peek the new Sling high wing! In addition, a spot landing competition will be held on arrival between 07h00 and 08h00. Of course, spots are limited due to COVID-19 regulations so, if you would like to experience the Sling lifestyle for yourself, RSVP by Wednesday, 14 October in order to avoid disappointment. Fly, drive, walk or bike, you will not be disappointed.
AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
Tunisian F-5 fighter jet crashes
On the morning of 6 October 2020, a Northrop F-5E Tiger fighter jet crashed in the region of Remada, Tataouine Province, south eastern Tunisia. According to Tunisian media, the pilot was killed. No other casualties are reported, as the aircraft crashed into the desert. According to the Ministry, the fighter crashed while carrying out an operational mission in the desert of Remada. The F-5 was introduced in 1972 and was retired or relegated to training use by the majority of its operators. 12 aircraft were operated by Squadron No. 15 of Tunisian Air Force before the crash, set to be replaced by General Dynamics F-16s currently on order.
WORLDWIDE ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS
VFR into IMC fatal for Piper Cub pilot
The non-instrument-rated private pilot was conducting a visual flight rules (VFR) cross-country flight in a Piper J-3 Cub. Instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) were forecast along the route, whilst the airplane was not equipped for flight in IMC. The pilot had entered a flight plan in ForeFlight that noted a cruise altitude of 2,100 feet mean sea level (msl) for the route of flight. ForeFlight displayed a terrain cross-section overview that noted that the highest point along the route was 3,800 feet msl and indicated that the planned route and altitude for the flight conflicted with the rising terrain.
About 1 hour 15 minutes after departure, the plane hit a mountain at 2,766 feet, about 150 feet below the summit, near Fancy Gap, Virginia. The pilot died in the crash. The accident site was about 36 miles from the destination airport along a direct route between the departure and destination airports. Accident site evidence and impact damage to the airplane were indicative of a high-speed impact, with a wreckage path that was oriented roughly opposite to the intended route of flight. Examination of the wreckage revealed no anomalies with the airplane that would have precluded normal operation before the accident.
Weather observations near the departure and destination airports, AIRMETs and visible satellite weather images all indicated that the pilot likely encountered IMC en route. Based on the direction of the wreckage path relative to the intended route of flight, he was likely manoeuvring to return to visual meteorological conditions when the airplane collided with terrain. The forecasts warning of IMC were issued prior to the pilot’s departure and while it could not be determined whether he accessed these forecast materials, the flight planning application on his personal electronic device would have allowed him to view this information if an internet connection was available.
Toxicology test results showed that the pilot was taking two antidepressants, indicating that he had significant depression, which can be associated with significant cognitive degradation. The testing also detected the presence of four impairing or sedating medications. The pilot made critical errors in judgment both when he decided to undertake the flight along a route where instrument meteorological conditions were forecast and when he elected to continue flight after encountering those conditions.
It is likely that the combination of his depression and his use of multiple impairing / sedating medications contributed to the pilot’s poor decision-making and therefore contributed to the accident.
Floatplane accident kills one in New York City
All the usual authorities are investigating a strange seaplane accident in New York City that killed a woman and sent three people to local hospitals. The Cessna 182 on floats hit a pier near the Throgs Neck Bridge in Queens. The mangled wreck of the aircraft ended up mostly on the dock. There were three people on the airplane, including the 60-year-old woman who died and the fourth person was reportedly a Good Samaritan on a jet ski.
The aircraft was owned and presumably piloted by Joe Oppedisano, a prominent New York restaurateur who kept his aircraft in a hangar by the pier. Neighbours interviewed by the New York Post said Oppedisano flew frequently from the pier and lives nearby. Fire Department of New York Commissioner Dan Nigro said he is assuming the accident happened shortly after the aircraft landed. “Witnesses said the plane was travelling rather fast along the water, skipped twice and hit the pier,”
NTSB preliminary report: Stinson 108-3
On 1 September 2020, a Stinson 108-3, N909C, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident near Coleman, Michigan. The private pilot was uninjured. The pilot stated that the airplane had been flying for about 45 minutes before it experienced a total loss of engine power. The pilot then performed a forced landing to a soybean field, where it rolled for about 180 feet and nosed over resulting in substantial damage to the fuselage. The pilot stated that the generator and magneto drive gear failed.
NTSB preliminary report: Beech 35
On 4 September 2020, a Beechcraft 35 airplane, was destroyed when it was involved in an accident near Three Rivers, California. The pilot and the passenger sustained fatal injuries. After family members of the pilot became concerned when he did not arrive at his intended destination, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued an alert notice (ALNOT) for the airplane. The wreckage was discovered in mountainous terrain in Sequoia National Park early morning on 5 September 2020. According to first responders, a post-crash fire ensued following the impact.
Preliminary radar data depicted a primary target consistent with the accident airplane depart Visalia Municipal Airport (VIS), Visalia, California, about 1125 and flew east on a 1200 non discreet code. The airplane flew toward rising terrain south of Silver City, California and the last recorded radar target was about 11h48. The pilot was flying in an area of reduced visibility due to smoke from nearby wildfires. There were no reported witnesses to the accident sequence.
Failure to use checklist and put seatbelt on correctly results in accident
The pilot reported that, the day before the accident, he had flown the Beech 55 and wanted to become more comfortable with new instruments that had been installed. After that flight, while in a hangar at the airport in San Antonio, Texas, he and a friend turned the airplane’s electrical power on to familiarise the pilot with the autopilot system and specifically with how it would follow heading bug settings. During the familiarisation, they ‘ran the pitch trim all the way up.’
The pilot added that, before take-ff for the accident flight, he did not check the pitch trim setting because he believed it would be the same as his previous flight, instead of the pitch trim setting after his autopilot ground familiarisation. He added that, during take-off, the nose pitched up severely. He lowered the nose and the airplane entered a negative G condition. He then realised that he ‘did not latch the seat belt correctly’ and saw that his seatbelt had disconnected and that he was no longer in his seat and could not regain airplane control. The airplane struck the runway, porpoised and the nose landing gear collapsed. The airplane skidded and hit a taxiway light. The airplane sustained substantial damage to both engines and the fuselage. Post-accident examination of the airplane revealed that the vertical trim tab was in the full-down position, indicating that full nose-up trim was applied.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
Airbus delivers A400M to Luxembourg’s Armed Forces
On 7 October, the Luxembourg Armed Forces took delivery of its Airbus A400M military transport aircraft, which was accepted at the A400M Final Assembly Line in Seville (Spain) and has performed a ferry flight. It will make a first stop in Luxembourg before continuing its journey to the 15th Wing Air Transport in Melsbroek (Belgium), where the joint airlift unit between Belgium and Luxembourg will be based. With this delivery, Luxembourg becomes the seventh A400M operator.
The aircraft, known as MSN104, will be operated by the Luxembourg Armed Forces and Belgium within a binational unit, together with the seven A400M ordered by Belgium, which is due to receive its first aircraft in the coming weeks. The A400M recently achieved additional capabilities such as simultaneous paratrooper dispatch for a maximum of 116 paratroopers using the side doors, automatic low level flight in visual meteorological conditions (the only military transport aircraft with this capability) and aerial delivery and combat off-load that allows a single 16-tonne load to be dropped automatically via parachute extraction. In addition, 25 tonnes can be gravity dropped and the manual combat offload of up to 19 tonnes on pallets (one pass) or 25 tonnes (two passes) on an unpaved runway is possible, which is unprecedented. With regards to helicopter air-to-air refuelling operations, the A400M recently achieved the first successful wet contacts with a H225M helicopter.
AirAsia crumbling airline empire: overstretched or opportunistic?
As rumours began to spread about two AirAsia subsidiaries potentially shutting their doors, namely AirAsia India and AirAsia Japan, a question begs for answer: is the group overstretched or was it just opportunistic. It tried to make something out of nothing, saw the results and decided it was not worth the effort? Tony Fernandes, the outspoken head of the AirAsia group, is undoubtedly an ambitious individual. His vision for AirAsia is not only to be an airline but also an ‘ecosystem of businesses that connect with our customers in their everyday life, transforming the AirAsia brand into a fully-fledged digital company, now much more than just an airline,’ AirAsia Digital’s fact sheet reads.
Fernandes’ dealings in the airline industry were not short of ambition as well. In 1998, there were no low-cost carriers in Asia-Pacific, according to the Centre for Aviation (CAPA) analysis. AirAsia revitalised itself as Tony Fernandes overtook the airline for a measly MYR1 ($0.26). ‘AirAsia was remodelled into a low-cost carrier and by January 2002, their vision to make air travel more affordable for Malaysians took flight,’ read the introductory paragraphs of several financial reports throughout the mid-to-late 2000s. The vision of providing cheap flights to Malaysians evolved into subsidiaries in several countries throughout the continent, including a long-haul subsidiary AirAsia X. The wide-body-only airline even brought the bright-red AirAsia fuselage over to Europe, as it began flights to London in 2009.
Familiar withdrawal: AirAsia X began its life in 2006, first under the Fly Asian Express brand, to serve rural areas of Malaysia with turboprop aircraft. After finding no luck there, a year later the airline was rebranded to AirAsia X and began exploring the dos and don’ts of the low-cost long-haul market. Its first flight was Australia’s tourist hotspot Gold Coast with an Airbus A330. It expanded quickly. By 2009, it served nine routes and celebrated its first profitable year, indicated the company’s yearly report, as it boasted a ‘ground-breaking world’s lowest unit cost position of US2.7 cents per seat-kilometre.’ In 2010, it added a further five destinations, including flights to Paris, France and Christchurch, New Zealand in early-2011. Profit had followed, as it finished 2010 with a net income of MYR111 million ($26.7 million).
However, as fast as it expanded, it had to withdraw very quickly from some markets to remain profitable. By 2011, any kind of mention of a profit inside AirAsia’s annual reports disappeared. It also started to fade away from certain markets, including Europe and India. Instead, its focus shifted on its ‘core markets of Australia, China, Taiwan, Japan and Korea.’
Honourable exit? Much like with AirAsia X, the Malaysia-based low-cost carrier group decided it would cease its Japanese venture on 5 October 2020. AirAsia Japan was the company’s second attempt at establishing an airline in the country. In July 2011, it announced its intentions to establish a low-cost subsidiary in Japan together with All Nippon Airways (ANA), a full-service carrier located in the country. In February 2012, AirAsia Japan obtained its Air Operators Certificate (AOC) from the Japanese Civil Aviation Bureau (JCAB). “I have always believed in dreaming the impossible, but seeing AirAsia Japan’s inaugural flights take-off today puts a smile on my face,” stated Fernandes, as the newest low-cost carrier in Japan was preparing to operate its first flights on 1 August 2012.
In March 2012, Peach Aviation, another LCC, started operations in the Land of the Rising Sun. ANA had a 33% stake in Peach. The first cracks started to appear on 11 June 2013, when AirAsia released a statement whereupon the company expressed that the Japanese venture was ‘facing some challenges attributed to a difference of opinion in management, most critically on the points of how to operate a low-cost business and operating from Narita.’ Exactly two weeks later, AirAsia divested from the venture, leaving the control of the company to ANA, which aptly renamed the airline to Vanilla Air.
Rescue helicopter forced to drop unstable cargo at sea
An NH-90 Caiman of the French Army Light Aviation was forced to jettison the container it was transporting during a relief operation near Nice, southwestern France. Several military helicopters belonging to the French Army Light Aviation School (EALAT), were mobilised in the relief effort that followed the passage of the storm Alex, which devastated the outskirts of Nice, southern France. The fleet of aircraft helped transport supplies and evacuate inhabitants towards the city. Amidst the inclement weather, one NH-90 Caiman TTH (tactical transport variant) was carrying out a mission to deliver a generator to a flood-stricken village. Shortly after taking off from Nice Côte d’Azur Airport (NCE), the sling-loaded container started behaving erratically.
‘Although its mass can be transported by a helicopter of this type, the cargo behaved badly during transport, endangering the aircraft and its crew,’ explained the General Staff of the Armed Forces to 20 Minutes. ‘For safety reasons, the choice was made to drop the load over the sea, in an area where its fall presented no risk.’ The incident was filmed by onlookers. An investigation was opened to determine what caused the dangerous behaviour of the cargo.
Crowds flock to Midwest, USA LSA Expo 2020
Lots of doubters expressed opinions in the weeks and days before the 12th running of the Midwest LSA Expo in Mt. Vernon, Illinois. After all, we have seen the cancellation of major airshows, such as SUN ‘n FUN and EAA AirVenture Oshkosh, plus hundreds of non-aviation gatherings. Could this sector-specific show work while the big events succumbed to COVID-19 concerns?
Mt. Vernon Airport Manager Chris Collins and his contingent of orange-shirted volunteers who hosted this event. He said: “To me, ‘success’ means no accidents and a decent turn-out that got pilots in new aircraft and vendors the sales that sustain them. In a typical year, the Midwest LSA Expo attracts between 1,500 and 2,000 pilots for the three days of event. It was estimated that 2020 was as strong as prior years. Midwest does not charge a fee to enter and with more than one entry gate, any effort to count heads would be futile. That estimate is despite a crippled economy and a substantial share of the population that is so nervous about COVID that they will not venture out to an event like Midwest.
Powerful upgrades: Rotax 912S / ULS
At the US Sport Aviation Expo, Eric Tucker, who is known worldwide as ‘Mr. Rotax’, to profile the Rotax 900 series sport and certified engines, concentrating on the 100 HP Rotax 912S/ULS.
With a dry weight of 124.7 pounds, the Rotax 912S/ULS DCDI 100HP engine is a 4-stroke engine specially developed for recreational aircraft. It also exists in a certified version as the Rotax 912 S.
Additional features include:
- 4-stroke engine specially developed for recreational aircraft. Also exists in a certified version: Rotax 912 S.
- 4 horizontally opposed cylinders, ‘boxer’ configuration
- Free air-cooled cylinders, liquid cooled cylinder heads with integrated pump and expansion tank
- Dry sump forced lubrication with integrated pump and separate oil tank
- 8 valves, automatic adjustment by hydraulic valve tappet
- Dual Capacitor Discharge Ignition (DCDI) with RFI noise suppression
- Two Bing Constant Depression (CD) carburettors
- Mechanically driven diaphragm fuel pump
- Integrated heavy duty electric starter
- Integrated reduction gearbox, ratio of 2.43:1 with slipper clutch standard
- Various liquid and oil radiators available
- Many options available such as: Vacuum pump, external alternator, hydraulic propeller governor
- Operates on automotive fuel with a minimum octane rating of 91 (Canadian standards)
- Time Between Overhauls (TBO): 1500 hours*
- It produces 100 HP at 5,800 rpm.
Among the aircraft that utilise the Rotax 912 series to best effect, the list includes LSA aircraft such as the Diamond Aircraft DA 20, Flight Design CT series, RANS S-7/S-19 series, Quicksilver GT-500, the Progressive Aerodyne SeaRey and of course many Sling aircraft from South Africa.
Twice Weekly News from African Pilot
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnews link on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.
Until next week Monday, please be ‘Serious about flying’.
Athol Franz (Editor)