Specialist Investigator, Ivan Barnard
The Commercial Aviation Association of Southern Africa (CAASA) has just announced that the Africa Aerospace and Defence (AAD) Trade Show will take place between 24 and 26 March 2021 at Lanseria International Airport. For further information please contact Louis Olckers 082-847-3403. African Pilot will be partnering with CAASA to provide publicity for this very important trade exhibition. Further details will be published as soon as I have been advised of them.
Where is the battery located?
a. In the left wing centre section.
b. In the right wing centre section.
African Pilot’s October 2020 edition
The amazing October edition of African Pilot was completed in the final week of September and has been fully distributed. This edition of African Pilot features Aircraft Maintenance Organisations (AMOs) and Aircraft Refurbishment. This edition has been tailormade to be read on any laptop computer or any other electronic device such as your smartphone, iPad or desktop computer.
African Pilot’s September edition was the first utilising the new 3D software that greatly enhances your reading experience. Within that edition, African Pilot became an international aviation magazine publishing on an international stage and not just an African aviation magazine.
This October edition, with 48 illustrated articles is available to anyone throughout the world FREE of charge, whilst this magazine has set the standard for digital publishing, not just in South Africa, but throughout the world. At 224 pages this edition has 24 embedded videos and 12 embedded picture galleries. Several of the videos were created by the African Pilot team, which again sets this magazine apart from ALL other aviation publications, especially South African aviation publications.
Advertisers can now see the benefits of marketing their products and services to a vast international aviation audience including short videos, picture galleries, and actual virtual shops, they will realise that marketing is most important for future profitability. In South Africa and the African continent, African Pilot is the only aviation publication that has purchased the latest software to provide digital enhancement to any advertiser anywhere in the world. At the same time, African Pilot is also the only aviation magazine that is easy to read on any digital smart device, because our team understands the importance of ensuring the ease of use in this ‘new normal’ digital age. It is now quite obvious that ALL the other aviation publications are copying what African Pilot has pioneered, but this was to be expected. At least African Pilot publishes correct aviation information such as the calendar of events on a regular basis.
African Pilot’s November 2020 edition
As we get closer to the end of this year, the November edition will feature ‘Gifts for Pilots’ as well as international news about all aspects and developments in aviation.
The material deadline for the November edition is on Wednesday 21 October 2020.
For advertising opportunities please contact Adrian Munro at e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Cell: 079 880 4359. All editorial material should be sent to me at: email@example.com.
ABOUT AFRICAN PILOT
There is no doubt that African Pilot provides the finest overall aviation media reach in Africa.
We are positioned to provide professional video and stills photography, website development, social media platforms, company newsletters as well as several other important media services to our customers.
The monthly magazine is available as a digital edition where ALL advertisers enjoy the direct routing to their websites at a touch on a smart phone or tablet as well as a click of the mouse on a computer screen or tap on any smart phone device.
Then of course this APAnews service has been part of African Pilot’s line-up since the inception of the magazine 20 years ago.
Do you want instant aviation news and opinions?
Visit www.APAcom.co.za and register yourself as a user
View and download African Pilot’s last three (3) 2020 editions.
Click on the covers below.
VIDEO OF THE WEEK
This is an important video to watch
See how the lock down for COVID-19 has affected your business
Launch of Wouter Botes’ e-book ‘Flights to Nowhere’
Wouter Botes’ E-book on Flight to Nowhere is available by visiting www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the button provided on the home page. We have provided an option for payment of R60 per download on the page.
AERO South Africa news
Take your business to NEW HEIGHTS this August at the one-stop business to business platform. The platform will be active for 12 months, allowing you to market your products and services to a targeted global General Aviation market and engage with visitors and other exhibitors on the portal. Want to book your booth on the AERO South Africa Virtual Marketplace or simply find out more? Contact one of our team members below to take your business to new heights.
Aero Club of South Africa’s Centenary Yearbook
Produced by John Illsley who is the second master at Pretoria Boys’ High School (I spent five happy years at PBHS), the AeCSA is taking pre-orders for the Centenary Yearbook, to assess the demand for a print run. It will be in the form of a hard and soft cover version as well as a limited-edition leather-bound book on request. Details of the book are available on the AeCSA Website.
Indicative Pricing: – Hard Cover Book – R 400 – Soft Cover Book – R 300 – Leather Bound Book – add +/- R 200 for Novalite & R 500 for Leather. Delivery options are collected at the Rand Airport AeCSA office, or door to door courier service anywhere in South Africa. Courier costs will range between R 100 to R 130 per book dependent on location. Volume purchases are also available should this be required. Once you have registered for a pre-order and the print run is complete, the AeCSA will send an invoice for payment, which once received will have the book dispatched.
To get your pre-order secured, please go to this link. Centenary Yearbook Order form:
If you are not a member and wish to join the Aero Club and any of its sections, feel free to do so http://www.aeroclub.org.za/member-renewals-and-new-memberships/
SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
AASA’s 2020-21 chairperson and deputy chairperson elected
The new Chairperson and Deputy Chairperson of the Airlines Association of Southern Africa’s (AASA) were elected at the body’s virtual 50th Annual General Meeting and will serve for the next 12 months.
Wrenelle Stander has been elected as AASA’s new Chairperson. She is the CEO of Comair. Elmar Conradie has been elected as AASA’s new Deputy Chairperson. He is the CEO of FlySafair.
“Our industry is facing its most difficult test with COVID-19 and the economic crisis it has precipitated. Both Wrenelle and Elmar are highly respected and knowledgeable leaders in the Southern African air transport industry and well-placed to provide guidance and support as we continue to advocate for the airline industry and engage on their behalf with governments and regulators throughout the SADC region,” said AASA CEO, Chris Zweigenthal. The 2020 virtual AGM was attended by more than 170 delegates representing airlines, airports, air navigation and weather services as well as manufacturers, suppliers and other industry stakeholders.
Airlink signs interline agreement with Qatar Airways
Qatar Airways’ passengers will benefit from access to more than 25 domestic destinations via the most on time South African airline for 2020 as measured by the Airport’s Company of South Africa. Qatar Airways Vice President Africa, Mr. Hendrik Du Preez, said: “As the most connected airline during the pandemic with a network that never fell below 30 destinations, we strive to continue to offer more flexibility and options for our passengers. We are delighted to sign this interline agreement with Airlink to further expand our network in the region connecting passengers to more than 25 domestic and more than 20 regional destinations. With the borders in South Africa being closed for five months, we are thrilled to re-enter the market with additional connections in South Africa and beyond.”
Airlink CEO, Mr. Rodger Foster added: “We are proud and excited about our new interline commercial agreement with Qatar Airways. We have a deep respect for Qatar Airways, its values and its global reach. We are confident that the relationship will deliver enhanced travel options to customers given the designed interconnectivity that will be enabled at OR Tambo International Airport and Cape Town International Airport. Airlink’s offering of connectable destinations includes most key points within Southern Africa such as Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, East London, Bloemfontein, Harare, Lusaka, Maputo, Gaborone, Windhoek, amongst many others”.
What is scheduled for this weekend?
Sling Aircraft breakfast fly-in
Contact Shanelle McKechnie Cell: 066 224 2128
Now that South Africa is at COVID-19 alert level 1, Sling Aircraft is thrilled to announce the first Sling Aircraft breakfast fly-in of 2020 is finally upon us! From 07h00 to 11h30, Sling’s breakfast fly-in will be held at the Tedderfield Airpark, 23 Nettleton Road, Eikenhof (FATA). At just R100 per person paid on arrival, bring your mask, bring your buddy, relish in a scrumptious breakfast, shop Sling branded merchandise from our Sling Store, enjoy a factory tour and possibly even a sneak peek the new Sling high wing! In addition, a spot landing competition will be held on arrival between 07h00 and 08h00. Of course, spots are limited due to COVID-19 regulations so, if you would like to experience the Sling lifestyle for yourself, RSVP by Wednesday, 14 October in order to avoid disappointment. Fly, drive, walk or bike, you will not be disappointed.
The Aero Club of South Africa annual awards scheduled for 5 December will no longer be taking place this year. Due to the lack of aviation events brought on by COVID-19 the AeCSA awards are to be postponed until 2021
I have started preparing the 2021 calendar with assistance from Air Show South Africa and the various sections of the Aero Club of South Africa. Please send me your planned aviation event fixtures for next year so that I may accommodate them on the calendar. Thank you.
AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
Airlink connects Mozambique and South Africa
On 14 October 2020 Airlink announced that the airline has reconnected Mozambique and South Africa with the launch of its new scheduled passenger air service between Maputo and Johannesburg.
“Airlink is proud and excited to be launching this brand-new service and adding it to our growing Southern Africa route network. It provides travellers with more choices, while also enabling crucial trade, business, tourism and family ties between two close regional markets. Although we have begun flights to Maputo, we plan to add more Mozambican destinations to our schedule in the coming days,” said Airlink CEO, Rodger Foster.
This service provides travellers with seamless connectivity with Airlink’s new services linking Johannesburg with Cape Town and also with Durban. Connections are also available to Airlink’s other South African destinations, such as Port Elizabeth, East London, Bloemfontein, Upington, Kimberley, Polokwane, Hoedspruit, Nelspruit, Skukuza, Pietermaritzburg, Mthatha and to key destinations throughout the SADC region.
WORLDWIDE ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS
Carb icing contributes to crash
The pilot reported that, as the Cessna 172 approached the runway at the airport in Houston after a short personal flight, the engine lost power. He checked the fuel valve, mixture and engaged the starter, but engine power was not restored. The airplane was ‘headed directly toward a concrete revetment on the south bank’ of a creek, so he banked the airplane left and it subsequently landed in the creek. During recovery of the airplane, the fuel selector was found in the ‘both’ position, whilst the throttle, mixture and carburettor heat controls were found in the ‘forward’ (off) position. Examination of the wreckage revealed no evidence of any pre-accident mechanical malfunctions or failures that would have precluded normal operation. The atmospheric conditions at the time that the engine lost power was conducive to serious icing at any power, moderate icing at cruise power and serious icing at descent power. Given the evidence, it is likely that carburettor ice accumulated during the flight and the pilot did apply carburettor heat, which resulted in a loss of all engine power.
Canarias ATR 72 turbine disintegrates during take-off
On 15 October 2019, ATR 72-212A regional turboprop belonging to Canarias Airlines (operating as Binter Canarias) was taking off from Tenerife North Airport (TFN). While still on the runway, but near the rotation speed, the crew heard a strange noise. Abnormal readings on parameters of right engines followed. The crew managed to abort the take-off and vacate the runway. Upon inspection, it turned out that blades of the second stage of the power turbine of the right-hand Pratt & Whitney Canada PW 127M engine became detached, damaging the engine from inside, peppering the fuselage and the runway. The report on the incident was released by the Spanish Civil Aviation Accident and Incident Investigation Commission (CIAIAC) in October 2020. According to it, the problem was caused by a single turbine blade, which fractured due to fatigue. The rest of blades then fractured due to overload, damaging the first stage of the turbine, the turbine case and other adjacent components.
The report states that the problem is well known and already occurred a number of times. The increased fatigue of turbine blades is associated with increased corrosion by sulfidation in hot climates. In 2015, the first Service Bulletin concerning this problem was issued, it recommended coating the leading edge of blades with chromium. This was later found insufficient and in 2017 P&W issued another bulletin, offering to replace blades with another model and prompting operators to inspect them at the first opportunity. Improved design of turbine blades is being worked on and planned to be released in 2021. Meanwhile, six similar incidents involving PW 100 engines happened in Spain since 2005 and dozens worldwide. Turbine blades on Canarias ATR 72 featured chromium coating as per 2015 bulletin, but were not inspected since installation, as this requires dismantling of the engine.
While none of passengers and crew sustained injuries in the incident, the aircraft was heavily damaged. The body of the ATR 72 had 16 nicks, scratches and perforations made by the detached blades and over 70 metal fragments were found in the vicinity of the runway. The turbine case, while heavily deformed, was not punctured, thus containing the brunt of the damage within. As a result, detached blades left the engine through the exhaust port, still maintaining enough velocity to puncture the vertical stabiliser on the dorsal fin.
Nagorno-Karabakh: downed helicopters and Turkish drones?
After almost thirty years of latent conflict, the landlocked region of Nagorno-Karabakh has recently been the theatre of violent confrontations. While it is hard to distinguish the truth from propaganda spread by both belligerents, it appears that at least one Mil Mi-8 transport helicopter of the Azerbaijan Air Force was shot down by Karabakh forces. Meanwhile, the Azerbaijani defence ministry boasted its military prowess by sharing footage shot from what looks like a Turkish-made drone.
Like most of the times that this conflict had reheated in the past, the triggering event remains unclear. Both Nagorno-Karabakh and Azerbaijan officials said they were reacting to an offensive from the opposing side. However, what is sure is that on 27 September 2020, Armenian-backed separatists of Nagorno-Karabakh clashed once again with the Azerbaijani forces. The number of casualties, military and civilian, for now is hard to estimate. The communication services of the Karabakh and Azerbaijan respective ministries of defence have played a war of their own, publishing several statements with contradicting reports of material damage.
As the first day of conflict was coming to an end, the Karabakh authorities claimed to have destroyed four helicopters and ten Azeri tanks. The crash of at least one helicopter was confirmed by Azerbaijan’s defence ministry, who said the crew managed to escape. Unconfirmed pictures of a Mil Mi-8 transport helicopter have emerged on social media.
Incorrect ATC data blamed for Yakutia SSJ100 runway excursion
Russian investigators released their final report on Yakutia Airlines SSJ100 runway excursion incident at Yakutsk Airport (YKS) on 18 October 2018. The investigation concluded that the main cause of the incident was the communication of an ‘incorrect braking coefficient’ to the flight crew by Yakutsk air traffic control.
A Sukhoi Superjet 100-95 of Russian airline Yakutia, registered as RA-89011, was on its way from Baikal International Airport (UUD) to Yakutsk Airport (YKS), Russia, carrying out flight R3-414, when, upon landing, it failed to stop before the end of the runway and collapsed. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair. Five crew members and 87 passengers evacuated the aircraft using emergency slides. Four people received medical attention, including a three-month-old baby, who was transported to the hospital for additional examination after luggage fell on him.
According to the Russian investigators, the incident was mainly due to the incorrect information received by the flight crew. Indeed, it was reported that the friction coefficient at Yakutsk was at 0.45, with a 6 knots tailwind. Based on those parameters, the pilots proceeded with the landing despite one of the two thrust reversers being inactive. However, it appears that the braking coefficient was in fact less than 0.3 due to the presence of ice, ‘which did not allow landing in accordance with current regulations,’ states the report. Because of the excessive landing distance, the aircraft came into contact with another part of the runway that had been recently reconstructed and was 0.4 meters (15 inches) higher. The investigators noted the absence of a connecting ramp between the two parts of the runway, which caused the landing gear to collapse, damaging the engines. Yakutsk management was found faulty of not taking appropriate action, given that another landing carried out by Yakutia Superjet RA-9038 two hours prior also ended in a runway excursion. The aircraft had to be towed away.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
Boeing slashes forecast for new aircraft demand
Leslie Josephs reports for CNBC, Boeing slashed its 10-year forecast for new aircraft demand by 11% from a year ago. The aerospace giant is cutting its expectations for new commercial aircraft demand over the next decade, citing what it estimates will be a years-long slump in travel demand because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The virus has impacted the aerospace industry in a major way this year, heaping more stress onto Boeing, that has still not had its best-selling 737 Max line back in the air following deadly crashes in late 2018 and early 2019. While global air travel was on the upswing prior to COVID-19, Boeing says that the pandemic has caused the company to forecast an 11% drop in aircraft demand from a year prior. Chicago-based Boeing had a defence-focused silver lining to its commercial-sector cloud as the aerospace giant forecast a $100 billion bump to $2.6 trillion mil-space market over the next decade.
Airbus Corporate Jets wins first six ACJ TwoTwenty orders
Following its launch Airbus Corporate Jets has won its first six orders for the ACJ TwoTwenty. While Comlux has revealed an order for two aircraft, four further jets were ordered by undisclosed customers. Entry into service of the first ACJ. Entry into service of the first ACJ TwoTwenty by Comlux Aviation is targeted for early 2023. The new ACJ TwoTwenty will feature a high end VIP cabin interior, supported by a flexible cabin catalogue, from which Comlux has selected the business and guest lounge as well as a private entertainment space and a private suite, including a bathroom. The cabin, set to ‘reimagine your place in the sky’ will be equipped with large full lie flat seats, a US-king size bed, a standing rain shower, a humidifying system for well-being on board and leading edge connectivity. Airbus supports more than 500 airline and corporate jet customers with one of the largest support networks in the world, including services tailored to business jet needs. More than 200 Airbus corporate jets are in service on every continent, including Antarctica.
Elliott Aviation delivers first of 23 TBM 940’s with HomeSafe autoland
The company was selected by Daher as the exclusive retrofitter in the US for its recently certified Garmin HomeSafe Autoland feature in the TBM 940. Elliott Aviation will be installing the system in 23 US-based aircraft. These aircraft were sold to include the HomeSafe Autoland system once the certification (Service Bulletin) was approved. An additional 26 aircraft are eligible for the upgrade as a customer option.
Elliott Aviation has been a TBM Authorised Service Center since 2005 and its aircraft sales division, Elliott Jets has been a dealer for new TBM aircraft since 2005. As Garmin’s leading aftermarket dealer, they have been installing Garmin G1000 NXi upgrades in the TBM since 2018. In addition, they have installed more Garmin G1000/G1000 NXi retrofits in King Airs than all other dealers in the world, combined. They have completed over 50 Garmin G5000 retrofits, which includes the Citation Excel/XLS and the Beechjet 400A/Hawker 400XP, which is more than any other dealer.
Ampaire flies longest route to date for an electrified aircraft
Ampaire’s Electric EEL, a six-seat Cessna 337 twin-engine aircraft modified with an electric motor in the nose and traditional combustion engine in the rear, took off from Camarillo Airport just north of Los Angeles. Test pilot Justin Gillen and Flight Test Engineer Russel Newman, flew up California’s Central Valley at 8,500 feet, landing at Hayward Executive Airport. The straight-line distance was 292 statute miles, whilst the route as flown 341 statute miles. Speed during the cruise portion of the 2 hour, 32-minute flight averaged around 135 mph. “The mission was a quite normal cross-country flight that we could imagine electrified aircraft making every day just a few years from now,” Gillen said.
This milestone in electric aviation took place after four weeks of flight testing in the Camarillo area for this second Electric EEL test aircraft, which first flew on 10 September. In that period, the aircraft flew over 30 hours during 23 flights, in 28 days, with 100% dispatch reliability. “Our success in taking this aircraft in a short period from the test environment to the normal, everyday operating environment is a testament to our development and test organisation and to the systems maturity we have achieved with our second aircraft,” said Ampaire General Manager Doug Shane. A former president of Scaled Composites, Shane is one of the world’s foremost experts on the development and flight testing of new aviation concepts.
The EEL flown to Hayward is dubbed the Hawai’i Bird as it will take part later this year in a series of demonstration flights with Hawai’i-based Mokulele Airlines on its short-haul routes. The flight trials with Mokulele will not only demonstrate the capabilities of the EEL but will help to define the infrastructure required for wide adoption of electric aviation by airlines and airports. These flight demonstrations will mark the first time an electrically powered aircraft has flown under an FAA ‘Market Survey’ experimental aircraft certificate in order to gain real-word flight experience.
The Electric EEL can generate fuel and emissions savings up to 50 percent on shorter regional routes where the aircraft’s electrical propulsion unit can be run at high power settings and generate savings of about 30 percent on longer regional routes such as the Camarillo to Hayward flight.
“The Electric EEL is our first step in pioneering new electric aircraft designs,” said Ampaire CEO Noertker. “Our next step will likely be a 19-seat hybrid electric retrofit programme that will lower emissions and operating costs, benefiting regional carriers, their passengers and their communities.” With funding from NASA and others, Ampaire is in the midst of design studies for such an aircraft based on the popular de Havilland Twin Otter aircraft. Ampaire has named the hybrid-electric 19-seater aircraft the Eco Otter SX.
USAF F-15 Eagle fighter jets take over Iceland airspace defence
A squadron of F-15C/D Eagles of the United States Air Force (USAF) was deployed to Keflavik Air Base, Iceland, in support of NATO Air Police operations. They will have the mission of defending the sovereignty of the country’s airspace against foreign incursions. Iceland, an island country halfway between Europe and North America, does not have any air defence element. In fact, except for its coastguard and a small Icelandic Peacekeeping Guard, the country has no standing army. As such, Iceland, a founding member of NATO, relies on foreign air forces to defend its airspace.
However, unlike Baltic Air Policing, the foreign presence is not continuous and fellow NATO members only deploy their fighters for a couple of weeks, several times a year. This time, four McDonnell-Douglas F-15C/D Eagle fighter jets of the 493rd Expeditionary Fighter Squadron will undertake this task, while the USAF will assume ‘full control of NATO’s commitment to the region’ from 12 October 2020.
The Belgian participation in the NATO Baltic Air Policing mission is coming to an end. But their last days act as a reminder of how crucial their role is. In the span of a week, no less than five interceptions of Russian aircraft were carried out by the Belgian Air Force. “The routine deployment demonstrates Alliance solidarity and the transatlantic linkage at work,” said US Air Force Brigadier General Andrew Hansen, NATO Allied Air Command Deputy Chief of Staff Operations.
The F-15 Strike Eagle is one of the elders of the United States arsenal. Since it entered service in 1976, the fighter jet dedicated to air superiority was regularly updated. The 493rd Fighter Squadron ‘Grim Reapers’ based at RAF Lakenheath, in the United Kingdom, is the only F-15C squadron in Europe. The fighter jets should be joined by a Boeing KC-135R Stratotanker from RAF Mildenhall, for aerial refuelling. The deployment is expected to last until at least November 2020.
Russian flybys regularly hit the news in Iceland. Between 2006 and 2016, more than 107 Russian bombers were recorded entering the Icelandic airspace. In September 2020, the neighbouring country of Norway said it had already reached the previous year’s number of interceptions (Quick Reaction Alert) to identify Russian military planes.
Honeywell gears up for urban mobility frontier
On the avionics side, Honeywell offers vehicle management systems, fly-by-wire technology, electric actuation, sensors and communications. The COVID-19 pandemic has cast a shadow over the aerospace industry in 2020, but the boss of Honeywell’s new Urban Air Mobility (UAM) and Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) unit says there is still a great deal of action in aerospace’s frontier sector, Greg Waldron writes for Flight Global. Continue reading original article.
This summer, Honeywell announced it was forming a unit dedicated to UAM and UAS. The unit’s vice president, Stephane Fymat explained how Honeywell will be diving into the sector. “Urban Air Mobility, cargo UAVs, delivery drones, are cross cutting things,” Fymat said. “It is not just avionics, it is not just electric propulsion, it is not just cooling systems for the batteries. It takes a dedicated focus to create the vision for where this industry is going to go, drive the vision and work with all the new innovators that are coming up that are may not be traditional aerospace companies.”
In June, Mike Madsen, president and CEO of Honeywell Aerospace, said “Urban Air Mobility and Unmanned Aerial Systems will play an increasing role in the future of aerospace, with potential applications in all-electric urban air taxi vehicles, hybrid-electric unmanned cargo drones, optionally piloted airplanes, delivery drones and everything in between. Honeywell has already contributed many technological advancements to these markets and is well positioned to continue growing our portfolio to meet customer needs and help shape the future of autonomous aviation and urban transport.”
Twice Weekly News from African Pilot
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnews link on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.
Until next week Monday, please be ‘Serious about flying’.
Athol Franz (Editor)