Which two electrical systems are lost when load shedding with only the battery supplying power?
African Pilot’s October 2020 edition
The amazing October edition of African Pilot was completed in the final week of September and has been fully distributed. This edition of African Pilot features Aircraft Maintenance Organisations (AMOs) and Aircraft Refurbishment. This edition has been tailormade to be read on any laptop computer or any other electronic device such as your smartphone, iPad or desktop computer.
African Pilot’s September edition was the first utilising the new 3D software that greatly enhances your reading experience. Within that edition, African Pilot became an international aviation magazine publishing on an international stage and not just an African aviation magazine.
This October edition, with 48 illustrated articles is available to anyone throughout the world FREE of charge, whilst this magazine has set the standard for digital publishing, not just in South Africa, but throughout the world. At 224 pages this edition has 24 embedded videos and 12 embedded picture galleries. Several of the videos were created by the African Pilot team, which again sets this magazine apart from ALL other aviation publications, especially South African aviation publications.
Advertisers can now see the benefits of marketing their products and services to a vast international aviation audience including short videos, picture galleries, and actual virtual shops, they will realise that marketing is most important for future profitability. In South Africa and the African continent, African Pilot is the only aviation publication that has purchased the latest software to provide digital enhancement to any advertiser anywhere in the world. At the same time, African Pilot is also the only aviation magazine that is easy to read on any digital smart device, because our team understands the importance of ensuring the ease of use in this ‘new normal’ digital age. It is now quite obvious that ALL the other aviation publications are copying what African Pilot has pioneered, but this was to be expected. At least African Pilot publishes correct aviation information such as the calendar of events on a regular basis.
African Pilot’s November 2020 edition
As we get closer to the end of this year, the November edition will feature ‘Gifts for Pilots’ as well as international news about all aspects and developments in aviation.
The material deadline for the November edition was on Wednesday 21 October 2020, but we still have some capacity for late advertisements. For advertising please contact Adrian Munro
Tel: 0861 001130 Cell: 079 880 4359 or e-mail: email@example.com
For advertising opportunities please contact Adrian Munro at e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org or Cell: 079 880 4359. All editorial material should be sent to me at: email@example.com.
OPINION: Why we all copied China in shutting down world economy
By Stacey Rudin
Last week, in a major departure from months of pro-lockdown messaging, Britain’s envoy to the WHO Dr David Nabarro called for world leaders to stop locking down their countries and economies as a ‘primary method’ of controlling COVID-19. “I want to say it again: we in the World Health Organisation do not advocate lockdowns as the primary means of control of this virus,” Dr Nabarro told The Spectator. “The only time we believe a lockdown is justified is to buy you time to reorganise, regroup, rebalance your resources, protect your health workers who are exhausted, but by and large, we would rather not do it.” Dr Nabarro’s position aligns with the Great Barrington Declaration, of which he spoke favourably, in which 30,000 scientists and public health experts have joined in advocating an immediate return to normal life for those at low risk. Nabarro and the thousands of signees of the Declaration opine that this approach will minimise overall mortality and lessen the disproportionate burden of lockdowns on the working class and underprivileged.
The day after Nabarro made his remarks, WHO director-general Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus flatly contradicted him, declaring that lifting lockdowns would be a recipe for “unnecessary infections, suffering and death.” Tedros claims that herd immunity can only be ‘safely’ achieved through vaccination, a conclusion premised upon the frightening assumption that the development of a safe and effective vaccine is guaranteed and the dubious premise that natural infections can be held back ‘as long as it takes’ to prepare and distribute the vaccine. However, according to Tedros, there is no other way: “allowing a dangerous virus that we don’t fully understand to run free is simply unethical. It is not an option.”
It is difficult to reconcile this stance with the data from states and nations which did not lock down for COVID-19. For example, Swedish all-cause mortality is on average for 2020, incredibly, the nation had higher per-capita mortality just five years ago, in a year in which there was no pandemic. This undeniable, easily verifiable fact is shocking in light of the decimation of world economies on the premise of ‘stopping’ a ‘highly deadly’ pathogen. Far from ‘unethical,’ allowing the virus to ‘run free’ produced a much better result than tight lockdowns such as those imposed in Argentina and Peru.
The human rights community did not share this enthusiasm for China, its draconian lockdown, or its offer to ‘help’ other nations contend with the virus. On 2 February, The Guardian published an opinion piece by a human rights advocate outlining the lockdown’s serious human rights violations and opining that the WHO broke its own commitment to ‘human rights and health’ by praising China. The WHO’s commitment reads in part: “Human rights are universal and inalienable. They apply equally, to all people, everywhere, without distinction. Human Rights standards to food, health, education, to be free from torture, inhuman or degrading treatment are also interrelated. The improvement of one right facilitates advancement of the others. Likewise, the deprivation of one right adversely affects the others”
‘Lockdown’ goes far beyond these basic human rights boundaries. They are proven now to only damage societies and they even worsen COVID-19 outcomes. When the Economist analysed all recorded epidemics since 1960, it concluded that ‘democracies experience lower mortality rates for epidemic diseases than their non-democratic counterparts.’ This finding holds true at all levels of income. ‘Lockdowns just have one consequence that you must never, ever belittle and that is making poor people an awful lot poorer. Just look at what has happened to smallholder farmers all over the world. Look what is happening to poverty levels. It seems that we may well have a doubling of world poverty by next year.’
It is no longer possible to ignore Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus’s long history with suppressive autocratic regimes, including China. Whatever the motivation behind his advocacy for continued lockdowns, the data invalidates his position unequivocally. Lockdowns do not save lives: lockdowns kill. The reign of tyranny must end, immediately and forever, with a full restoration of the rights and privileges of each individual citizen to choose what level of risk he or she will accept as a law-abiding member of a functioning, democratic society. WHO, what, where, and why? We do not yet have all the answers, but we do know that the WHO director-general is on the wrong side of the lockdown debate.
ABOUT AFRICAN PILOT
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Launch of Wouter Botes’ e-book ‘Flights to Nowhere’
Wouter Botes’ E-book on Flight to Nowhere is available by visiting www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the button provided on the home page. We have provided an option for payment of R60 per download on the page.
AERO South Africa news
Take your business to NEW HEIGHTS this August at the one-stop business to business platform. The platform will be active for 12 months, allowing you to market your products and services to a targeted global General Aviation market and engage with visitors and other exhibitors on the portal. Want to book your booth on the AERO South Africa Virtual Marketplace or simply find out more? Contact one of our team members below to take your business to new heights.
SOUTH AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
News from the Commercial Aviation Association of Southern Africa (CAASA)
SA government issues a revised list of high-risk countries
We continue to be reminded that the Covid-19 pandemic is still with us and we need to continue to take precautions. In its last meeting, the Cabinet instructed the Ministers of Health, Home Affairs and Tourism to lead a process to review the list. The review of the list of high-risk countries was done in such a way that it strikes a balance between saving lives and protecting livelihoods. Nothing has changed as far as all travellers from the continent of Africa are concerned. They are still welcome to visit the country subject to COVID-19 protocols.
People from high risk countries who may visit SA fall in the following categories:
Business travellers, holders of critical skills visas, investors and people on international mission in sports, arts, culture and science. In addition, we recognise that there are a number of regular visitors from mainly European countries that have been accustomed to long periods of visitation to our country during our summer season when it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere. Most of them own properties in the country. We appreciate the significant economic contribution that they make through their activities in the country. To this end, we will also allow visitors, in whichever category, who are coming to stay for a three months period or more subject to COVID-19 protocols.
People who need to apply must direct email requests to:
Covid19BusinessTravel@dha.gov.za, supported by:
(a) Copy of passport and / or temporary residence vis
(b) Proof of business activities to be undertaken in the Republic
(c) Proof of travel itinerary
(d) Proof of address or accommodation in the Republic.
In the first two weeks that the Covid19BusinessTravel@dha.gov.za e-mail address had been in operation, 4 701 applications were received, mostly from investors in agriculture, manufacturing, mining and tourism. Of these applications, 3 113 have been approved. These numbers show that on average, 335 investors a day applied to visit the Republic, sending a strong message that South Africa remains an attractive investment destination.
In response to these numbers, the Department of Home Affairs has increased the capacity of people managing the email account to ensure speedier responses and we will try our best to ensure that responses are communicated within 24 hours.
The latest list of high-risk countries is:
Argentina, Germany, Peru, Bangladesh, India, Philippines, Belgium, Indonesia, Russia, Brazil, Iran, Spain, Canada, Iraq, United Kingdom, Chile, Italy, Colombia, Mexico, France, Netherlands and the United States of America.
The list of these high-risk countries will also be found on the Home Affairs website: www.dha.gov.za
SACAA Centralised occurrence reporting system webinar
Aero Club of South Africa’s Centenary Yearbook
Produced by John Illsley who is the second master at Pretoria Boys’ High School (I spent five happy years at PBHS), the AeCSA is taking pre-orders for the Centenary Yearbook, to assess the demand for a print run. It will be in the form of a hard and soft cover version as well as a limited-edition leather-bound book on request. Details of the book are available on the AeCSA Website.
Indicative Pricing: – Hard Cover Book – R 400 – Soft Cover Book – R 300 – Leather Bound Book – add +/- R 200 for Novalite & R 500 for Leather. Delivery options are collected at the Rand Airport AeCSA office, or door to door courier service anywhere in South Africa. Courier costs will range between R 100 to R 130 per book dependent on location. Volume purchases are also available should this be required. Once you have registered for a pre-order and the print run is complete, the AeCSA will send an invoice for payment, which once received will have the book dispatched.
To get your pre-order secured, please go to this link. Centenary Yearbook Order form:
If you are not a member and wish to join the Aero Club and any of its sections, feel free to do so http://www.aeroclub.org.za/member-renewals-and-new-memberships/
AFRICAN AVIATION NEWS
Airlink adds three additional routes to its Mozambique network
Airlink will enhance its South Africa and Mozambique network with additional scheduled services to Pemba, Vilanculos and Beira. This follows the lifting of travel restrictions that curtailed travel between the neighbouring countries while they both worked to successfully contain the spread of COVID-19.
These services provide travellers with seamless connectivity with Airlink’s new services linking Johannesburg with Cape Town and Durban. Connections are also available to Airlink’s other South African destinations and to key destinations throughout the SADC region. Airlink’s great value for money Economy Class fares include a 20kg free economy class checked in luggage allowance plus a 15kg sporting equipment allowance. Onboard, customers are treated to a complimentary light meal, refreshments and a choice of aisle or window seat (flights do not have middle seats).
WORLDWIDE ACCIDENTS AND INCIDENTS
Stuck exhaust valve leads to accident
The flight instructor reported that, shortly after the student pilot conducted the take-off for the instructional flight, they felt the engine vibrate and the Cessna 172 shudder. They then noticed that the rpm had decreased and that the engine’s performance had degraded. The instructor took the controls and lowered the nose to prevent a stall. He attempted to land on the intersecting runway at the airport in Lynchburg, Virginia. The plane touched down with about 100 feet of runway remaining. Realizing that the plane could not be stopped within the remaining runway, the instructor steered the airplane right to avoid a steep drop-off past the runway end. The airplane subsequently hit a ditch and then came to rest in grass in a nose-down position. The left wing sustained substantial damage. Post-accident examination of the engine revealed that the No. 2 cylinder exhaust valve was stuck open. Given this evidence, it is likely that the stuck exhaust valve resulted in the partial loss of engine power.
NTSB preliminary report: Piper PA-32
On 11 October 2020, a Piper PA-32-260, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident at Dekalb-Peachtree Airport (PDK), Atlanta, Georgia. The pilot and two passengers were not injured. According to the pilot, he landed at PDK on 10 October 2020 and requested the airplane fuel tanks be topped off. On the day of the accident, he performed a pre-flight inspection of the airplane with no anomalies noted and taxied the airplane to runway 21R. He “advanced the throttle to full power for take-off and noted that the RPMs was producing full power, temps and pressures where in range and that airspeed was alive and increasing as normal.” The pilot stated that after take-off, the airplane continued to accelerate normally until about 150-200 feet above ground level when he noted an ‘abrupt reduction in engine noise.’ He attempted to land on the remaining runway. However, the airplane departed the runway and travelled about 200 feet into the grass. After the airplane came to rest, the pilot subsequently restarted the engine and taxied the airplane from the grass back onto the runway, where it was towed to the ramp.
US Navy F/A-18 crashes in California
Details are still coming in, but the US Navy confirmed that an F/A-18E Super Hornet crashed near China Lake on a training flight. According to a Facebook post from Naval Air Station Lemoore, “An F/A-18E Super Hornet from Naval Air Station Lemoore experienced a mishap during a routine training flight in the Superior Valley, just south of Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake. The pilot ejected safely and was taken to a local medical facility for examination. The US Navy is cooperating fully with local authorities. By late afternoon, Lemoore reported that ‘the pilot involved in this mishap has been released from the medical facility following a thorough examination. The Navy is continuing its investigation in cooperation with local authorities. According to local reports, the Super Hornet crashed into an open field and there have been no reported injuries on the ground. The reported general crash location is 10-15 miles southwest of the China Lake facility.
NTSB preliminary report: Cessna 170B
On 22 September 2020, a Cessna 170B was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident near Big Lake, Alaska. The pilot was not injured. According to the pilot, he was landing on a remote off-airport gravel bar located along a river. During short final, at about 20 feet above ground level (AGL), the airplane’s engine sputtered followed by a partial loss of power. The engine then surged briefly followed by a total loss of engine power as the propeller continued to windmill. Subsequently, the airplane touched down in the river short of the gravel bar and nosed over. The pilot added that he had about 1.7 hours of fuel remaining in the airplane’s fuel tanks at the time of the accident. The airplane was powered by a Franklin 6A-350-C2 engine and a detailed examination is pending.
NTSB preliminary report: Fokker DR1
On 1 October 2020, an experimental Fokker DR1 airplane, was substantially damaged when it was involved in an accident near Wake, Virginia. The pilot was not injured. According to the pilot, prior to the flight he ‘topped off’ the fuel tank adding about six gallons of fuel. He departed the Hummel Field Airport (W75), Saluda, Virginia, for a local flight. About 25 minutes after take-off while in cruise flight, about 1,500 ft mean sea level, the engine suddenly lost all power. There were no precursor indications, it did not ‘surge, sputter or misfire.’ The propeller remained windmilling. The pilot attempted to restart the engine but was unsuccessful. As the airplane slowed to about 60 knots, the propeller stopped windmilling. While descending for a forced landing to a field, the airplane struck a wire and slowed ‘substantially.’ During landing the airplane impacted the edge of a bean field and nosed over into the adjacent grass field. After the airplane came to rest, the pilot noticed fuel leaking from the fuel tank filler neck. Examination of the accident site by a Federal Aviation Administration inspector revealed that the airplane sustained substantial damage to the upper wing. The fuselage structure was deformed near the right landing gear strut attach point. Continuity of the flight controls was confirmed. The engine controls were exercised and operated normally. Fuel sampled from the fuel tank was blue and absent of contaminants. The fuel inlet line was disconnected from the carburettor and no fuel ran out from the line. First responders reported to the inspector that ‘several gallons’ of fuel had leaked from the fuel filler neck onto the ground. A fuel sample taken from the airport fuelling station was blue in colour and absent of contaminants.
WORLD AVIATION NEWS
EASA executive director: Boeing 737 MAX is safe to fly
As the un-grounding of the Boeing 737 MAX draws ever-nearer, the second chief executive of a civil aviation authority has shared his point of view on the aircraft. European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) executive director Patrick Ky declared that the 737 MAX is safe enough to be certified. “Our analysis is showing that this is safe and the level of safety reached is high enough for us,” stated Ky in an interview with Bloomberg. According to him, EASA also discussed with Boeing about adding a third sensor, which would allow the aircraft to reach ‘even higher safety levels.’
However, it is not certified to return to the skies and operate commercial flights just yet. The agency still has to perform final document reviews, after which it will issue a draft airworthiness directive (AD). The preliminary plan to release the draft AD is November 2020, according to Ky. Subsequently, four weeks of public comments will follow, allowing any parties to make their suggestions on the re-certification of the Boeing 737 MAX.
Seemingly, EASA got its way, the narrow body will be fitted with a synthetic air data system (SADS) onboard, adding an additional safety system. The development of the system on the MAX would take from 20 to 24 months, added the executive director. The system would be first fitted onto the largest variant, the 737 MAX 10. The aircraft should begin commercial flights in 2022, while other versions of the MAX will be retrofitted with SADS once it would be certified. Unlike the Angle of Attack (AoA) sensors, the SADS does not directly measure the data. The system uses a number of sources of information, including GPS, altitude and wind information in order to measure airspeed or the AoA. The SADS is also present on the Boeing 787 Dreamliner.
Changes will also come to the way that 737 MAX pilots are trained to fly the aircraft, including their transition from the 737 NextGeneration (NG), a predecessor to the MAX. In January 2020, the manufacturer reversed course on pilot training and issued a recommendation that 737 MAX flight crews should go through additional simulator training, instead of just going through computer-based training procedures. The question was heavily examined by the United States’ House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, who also highlighted the fact that Boeing had a clause in its contract with Southwest Airlines (LUV). The clause stated that if pilots had to sit in a simulator, Southwest would receive $1 million per one 737 MAX delivered to the low-cost carrier.
Patrick Ky joins the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)’s administrator Stephen Dickson, who in September 2020 personally flew on the Boeing 737 MAX and stated that he ‘liked what he saw.’ However, when asked if he would ‘place his family on the aircraft,’ Dickson replied that the recertification process was not yet complete.
EASA began flight testing the aircraft in September 2020, going through a three-week programme. At first, it conducted simulator-based flights in London, after flight testing the aircraft in Vancouver, Canada. Subsequently, it presented its findings at the Joint Operations Evaluation Board (JOEB) the following week.
NORAD F-22s intercept Russian bombers
North American Aerospace Defence Command F-22 fighter aircraft, supported by E-3 airborne warning and control system and KC-135 refueler aircraft, intercepted two Russian Tu-95 bombers escorted by two Su-35 fighter aircraft late on Monday evening. NORAD also positively identified a Russian A-50 supporting the intercepted aircraft which loitered within the ADIZ for approximately 1.5 hours and came within 30nm of Alaskan shores. All Russian aircraft remained in int’l airspace and at no time entered US or Canadian sovereign airspace.
NORAD employs a layered defence network of radars, satellites as well as fighter and early warning aircraft to identify aircraft and determine the appropriate response. The identification and monitoring of aircraft entering a US or Canadian ADIZ demonstrates how NORAD executes its aerospace warning and aerospace control missions for the United States and Canada. Operation NOBLE EAGLE is the name given to all air sovereignty and air defence missions in North America. NORAD is a binational command focused on the defence of both the US and Canada, the response to potential aerospace threats does not distinguish between the two nations and draws on forces from both countries.
NATO fighters intercept Russian bombers approaching UK airspace
British Royal Air Force Eurofighter Typhoon fighter jets intercepted and turned away two Russian Tu-160 Blackjack strategic bombers as they were approaching the British airspace. They had been visually identified beforehand by F-16 fighter jets from the Royal Norwegian Air Force. After being detected by NATO air defence radars, the two Blackjacks triggered a Quick Reaction Alert interception by F-16 fighter jets of the Luftforsvaret, the Royal Norwegian Air Force, located in Bodø Airbase. The strategic bombers were visually identified and tailed as they were cruising south, towards the United Kingdom’s air defence identification zone (ADIZ). As the Blackjacks maintained their flight, live-armed RAF Eurofighter Typhoons scrambled from their temporary base at Leuchars Station to intercept the two Blackjacks. Their home base, RAF Station Lossiemouth, was undergoing runway renovation from July to October 2020. An A330 MRTT Voyager took off from RAF Brize Norton to support the fighter jets.
“The Control and Reporting Centre at RAF Scampton routed us directly to the Tu-160 Blackjacks so that we could take over the mission from our Norwegian allies,” one of the Typhoon pilots reported. “Air to air refuelling from an RAF Voyager ensured we were able to stay on task until the two Blackjacks departed from the UK’s area of interest.” Subsequently the Blackjack bombers turned away from the British airspace, escorted again by the Luftforsvaret F-16s. As for the Typhoons, they landed in their permanent base in RAF Lossiemouth.
Singapore Airlines introduces world’s longest flight to JFK
Singapore Airlines (SIA1) (SINGY) announced that it would once again return to New York’s John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK) on 9 November 2020, flying a direct itinerary from its hub, Changi Airport (SIN). The flight will overtake Singapore Airlines (SIA1) (SINGY) flight from Singapore to Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) as the world’s longest commercial scheduled flight, beating it by a measly four kilometres in distance. The airline will operate the flight with an Airbus A350-900, configured with 42 business, 24 premium economy and 187 economy class seats. However, the main reason why the flag carrier of Singapore is returning to JFK is cargo.
There is no doubt that airlines have limited opportunities to find revenues in the current day and age. Yet in order to sustain a business, they have to, especially if they have very high running costs. Case in point, Emirates. How does it weather the current crisis? Apart from the newly announced flights to JFK, Singapore Airlines (SIA1) (SINGY) also flies to Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) in the United States. It will continue to assess the demand for travel to the United States, before ‘deciding to reinstate services to other points in the country,’ reads the carrier’s statement.
Previously, the title of the world’s longest flight was given to the airline’s SIN-EWR route, which would take 18 hours and 25 minutes. The SIN-JFK flight will be slightly faster, with a total travel time of 18 hours and five minutes. However, the return journey from the US East Coast will take passengers 18 hours and 40 minutes. In addition, Singapore Airlines (SIA1) (SINGY) previously flew to JFK, but it stopped over at Frankfurt Airport (FRA) in Germany, before finally landing in the Big Apple. In comparison, Qantas Project Sunrise flight from New York to Sydney took 19 hours and 30 minutes to complete.
China Express to expand fleet with 100 COMAC order
On 20 October 2020, China Express Airlines announced that the airline intends to obtain a total of 100 COMAC aircraft, of which 50 would be ARJ21-700ERs. However, the purchase is still subject to the air carrier shareholder’s approval. If the deal would be approved, the airline expected to receive 50 brand-new aircraft with the scheduled delivery of two jets in 2020, six in 2021, eight in 2022, nine in 2023, 10 in 2024 and the rest 15 in 2025. While the first half of the order was set to consist of the ARJ21s, China Express Airlines has not specified yet how the other half of the order would be composed. The other half of the 100 jets order might be homogeneously formed of C919s or it could be mixed and combined of C919s and AJR21s simultaneously. However, the Comac C919, as an alternative option to Airbus A320 or Boeing 737, has not received its certification yet. The airline has been targeting to supplement the fleet with 100 jets since June 2020, when it initially announced the intention in a corporate filing to the Shenzhen stock exchange. At the time, China Express Airlines signed a strategic partnership agreement with COMAC under which the airline would purchase a total of 100 ARJ21 and C919 planes, deliveries of which would start from 2020.
Twice Weekly News from African Pilot
Should you miss out on any edition of APAnews, please visit the website: www.africanpilot.co.za and click on the APAnews link on the front page. All past weekly APAnews publications have been archived on the website.
Until next week Monday, please be ‘Serious about flying’.
Athol Franz (Editor)